Koiak

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Koiak /ˈkʰɔjæk/ (Coptic: Ⲕⲟⲓⲁⲕ Koiak /ˈkɔjak/ or Ⲕⲓⲁϩⲕ Kiahk /ˈkijaxk/), is the fourth month of the Coptic calendar. It lies between December 10 and January 8 of the Gregorian calendar. The month of Koiak is also the fourth month of the Season of 'Akhet' (Inundation) in Ancient Egypt, when the Nile floods historically covered the land of Egypt; they have not done so since the construction of the High Dam at Aswan.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the month of Koiak comes from *Kuʔ ḥar Kuʔ 'Soul upon Soul', a name of the Ancient Egyptian sacred Apis Bull.

Coptic tradition[edit]

The month of Koiak holds a special place in the rite of the Coptic Orthodox Church. It is known as the Marian month because the Nativity according to the Coptic calendar falls on 29 Koiak. The month is characterized by beautiful midnight praises that commemorate the Lord's Incarnation and venerate His mother the Virgin Mary. The name of the Koiak midnight praise translates into Seven and Four, describing the outline of the praise that consists of 4 Canticles and 7 Theotokia (glorifications of Saint Mary).

It was at the beginning of the month of Koiak that Virgin Mary appeared in churches all over Egypt in 2009.[1]

Coptic Synaxarium of the month of Koiak[edit]

Coptic Julian Gregorian Commemorations
Koiak

1

November

27

December

10

  • Departure of Saint Peter Elrahawy, Bishop of Gaza
  • Consecration of the Church of Saint Shenouda
2 28 11
  • Departure of the Saint Hor, the Monk
3 29 12
4 30 13
5 December

1

14
  • Departure of Nahum the Prophet.
  • Martyrdom of Saint Victor (Boctor) of Asyut
  • Martyrdom of Saint Isidore (Isidorus)
6 2 15
  • Martyrdom of Saint Anatolius (Anatole)
  • Martyrdom of Saint Batalus
7 3 16
8 4 17
  • Martyrdom of the Saint Barbara & Saint Juliana
  • Martyrdom of the Saint Paisus (Isi) & His Sister Saint Thecla
  • Departure of Saint Heraclas (Theoclas), 13th Pope of Alexandria.
  • Departure of Saint Samuel the Confessor, Abbot of El-Qualamon Monastery.
  • Departure of Saint Yustus, the monk of St. Anthony's monastery
9 5 18
  • Departure of Saint Poemin, the Confessor
10 6 19
11 7 20
12 8 21
  • Commemoration of Archangel Michael.
  • Commemoration of Saint John the Confessor
  • Departure of Saint Hedra, Bishop of Aswan
  • Assembly of the Council at Rome in 249 AD. Against Benates (Novatus) the Priest
13 9 22
  • Martyrdom of Saint Barsanuphius
  • Departure of Saint Saint Apraxios (Abracius).
  • Consecration of the Church of Saint Misaeal (Misayil), the Anchorite
  • Elias of Samhud
  • Saint Zali, disciple of Saint Matthew
14 10 23
  • Martyrdom of Saint Ammonius, Bishop of Esna (Latopolis)
  • Martyrdom of Saint Behnam & His Sister Saint Sarah
  • Martyrdom of Saints Simeon of Menouf, Abba Hor, and Abba Mina the Elder
  • Departure of Saint Christodoulos of Heliopolis
  • Commemoration of Pope Christodolos, 66th Pope of Alexandria.
15 11 24
16 12 25
  • Departure of the Righteous Gideon, One of the Judges of Israel.
  • Martyrdom of Saints Harouadi, Ananias & Khouzi of Akhmim
  • Martyrdom of Saint Eulogius & Saint Arsenius
  • Consecration of the Church of Saint James the Persian
17 13 26
18 14 27
  • Commemoration of the Relocation of the Relics of Saint Titus to Constantinople.
  • Commemoration of Saint Heracleas the Martyr and Saint Philemon the Priest
19 15 28
  • Departure of Saint John, Bishop of El-Borollos, who gathered the Biographies of the Saints (The Synaxarion)
20 16 29
21 17 30
22 18 31
23 19 January

1

  • Departure of David, the Prophet and King
  • Departure of Saint Timothy, the Anchorite
24 20 2
25 21 3
  • Departure of Saint John Kama (Khame)
26 22 4
27 23 5
28 24 6
29 25 7
30 26 8
Preceded by
Hathor
Egyptian Months
days: 30 days
Succeeded by
Tobi

References[edit]

  1. ^ St. Mary's Appearance in Warraq