|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
Taylor at New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, 2006
|Birth name||Cora Walton|
|Also known as||KoKo|
September 28, 1928|
Shelby County, Tennessee, United States
|Died||June 3, 2009
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Genres||Chicago blues, electric blues, rhythm and blues, soul, soul blues|
|Years active||late 1950s–2009|
|Labels||Alligator Records, MCA, Checker, Chess, Yambo Records, Charly Records,|
Koko Taylor, sometimes spelled KoKo Taylor (September 28, 1928 – June 3, 2009), was an American Chicago blues singer, popularly known as the "Queen of the Blues." She was known primarily for her rough, powerful vocals and traditional blues stylings.
Life and career
Born Cora Walton in Shelby County, Tennessee, Taylor was the daughter of a sharecropper. She left Memphis for Chicago, Illinois, in 1952 with her husband, truck driver Robert "Pops" Taylor. In the late 1950s she began singing in Chicago blues clubs. She was spotted by Willie Dixon in 1962, and this led to wider performances and her first recording contract. In 1965, Taylor was signed by Chess Records subsidiary Checker Records where she recorded "Wang Dang Doodle", a song written by Dixon and recorded by Howlin' Wolf five years earlier. The record became a hit, reaching number four on the R&B charts and number 58 on the pop charts in 1966, and selling a million copies. Taylor recorded several versions of "Wang Dang Doodle" over the years, including a live version at the 1967 American Folk Blues Festival with harmonica player Little Walter and guitarist Hound Dog Taylor. Taylor subsequently recorded more material, both original and covers, but never repeated that initial chart success.
National touring in the late 1960s and early 1970s improved her fan base, and she became accessible to a wider record-buying public when she signed with Alligator Records in 1975. She recorded nine albums for Alligator, 8 of which were Grammy-nominated, and came to dominate the female blues singer ranks, winning twenty five W. C. Handy Awards (more than any other artist). After her recovery from a near-fatal car crash in 1989, the 1990s found Taylor in films such as Blues Brothers 2000 and Wild at Heart, and she opened a blues club on Division Street in Chicago in 1994, which relocated to Wabash Ave in Chicago's South Loop in 2000. (The club is now closed.)
Taylor influenced musicians such as Bonnie Raitt, Shemekia Copeland, Janis Joplin, Shannon Curfman, and Susan Tedeschi. In the years prior to her death, she performed over 70 concerts a year and resided just south of Chicago in Country Club Hills, Illinois.
In 2008, the Internal Revenue Service said that Taylor owed $400,000 in back taxes, penalties and interest. Her tax problems concerned 1998, 2000 and 2001; for those years combined, her adjusted gross income was $949,000.
Taylor's final performance was at the Blues Music Awards, on May 7, 2009. She suffered complications from surgery for gastrointestinal bleeding on May 19, 2009, and died on June 3 of that year.
- Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album – 1985
- Howlin' Wolf Award – 1996
- Blues Hall of Fame – Inducted 1997
- Blues Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award – 1999
- NEA National Heritage Fellowship – 2004
- Blues Music Award (formerly the W. C. Handy Award) – 24 times, including the following categories:
- Contemporary Blues Female Artist
- Entertainer of the Year
- Female Artist
- Traditional Blues Female Artist
- Vocalist of the Year
- At age 76 in 2004, she appeared as a special guest with Taj Mahal on an episode of Arthur.
- At age 80 in 2008, she appeared as a special guest with Umphrey's McGee at their New Year's Eve performance at the Auditorium Theater in Chicago.
- Taylor won for Best Blues Album in The 7th Annual Independent Music Awards 
- Love You Like a Woman (Charly Records) – November 30, 1968
- Koko Taylor (MCA/Chess) – 1969
- Basic Soul (Chess Records) – 1972
- South Side Lady (Evidence Records) – 1973
- I Got What It Takes (Alligator) – 1975
- Southside Baby (Black and Blue Records) – 1975
- The Earthshaker (Alligator) – 1978
- From The Heart Of A Woman (Alligator) – 1981
- Queen of the Blues (Alligator) – 1985
- An Audience with Koko Taylor (Alligator) – 1987
- Live from Chicago (Alligator) – 1987
- "Wang Dang Doodle" (Huub Records) – 1991
- Jump for Joy (Alligator) – 1992
- Force of Nature (Alligator) – 1993
- Royal Blue (Alligator) – 2000
- Deluxe Edition (Alligator) – 2002
- Old School (Alligator) – 2007
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Top Pop Singles 1955-1999. Joel Whitburn. 2000. Record Research Inc. p. 641. ISBN 0-89820-139-X
- Janet Novack and William P. Barrett (June 2, 2008). "Singing Tax Blues". Forbes Magazine.
- Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 2009 January to June". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- [dead link]
- Official website (suspended)
- Hoekstra, Dave. "Chicago legend and 'Queen of the Blues' Koko Taylor dead at 80," Chicago Sun-Times, Wednesday, June 3, 2009.
- Co-host of "Blues you can use", FM radio station WGVE 88.7, Gary, Indiana
- Interview with Koko Taylor on Centerstage Chicago (June 2007)
- Koko Taylor at the Internet Movie Database
- "Queen of the Blues: Koko Taylor Talks About Her Subjects", interview by James Plath, 1994
- Koko Taylor at AllMusic
- Wild Women Don't Have the Blues features interviews with Koko Taylor
- Koko Taylor - Daily Telegraph obituary