Kokoda

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Kokoda
Kokoda is located in Papua New Guinea
Kokoda
Kokoda
Location within Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 8°52′40″S 147°44′15″E / 8.87778°S 147.73750°E / -8.87778; 147.73750
Country Papua New Guinea
Province Oro (Northern)
District Sohe District
LLG Kokoda Rural LLG
Elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Languages
 • Main languages Koiari, Motu
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Location 55 km (34 mi) WSW of Popondetta
Annual rainfall 5,000 mm (196.9 in)

Kokoda is a station town in the Oro Province of Papua New Guinea. It is famous as the northern end of the Kokoda Track, site of the eponymous Kokoda Track campaign of World War II. In that campaign, it had strategic significance because it had the only airfield along the Track. In the decades preceding, it had been a foothills settlement near the gold fields.

In 1942 after being turned back in the middle of an end-around flanking manoeuver in the Battle of Milne Bay by the Australian AIF and Militia Forces, the Japanese invasion force intended an overland route to the capital, Port Moresby, via Kokoda. Because of this, it was the site of a number of significant engagements between the Japanese and Australian forces, and was captured and recaptured several times before the final Australian victory.

The station is linked by a rough road and a two hour journey to the provincial capital of Popondetta.

In August 2009 Kokoda airstrip was the destination for Airlines PNG Flight CG4684 that crashed whilst attempting to land.[1] All 13 people on board were killed in the crash including nine Australian passengers who were due to trek the Kokoda Track, a Japanese passenger and three Papua New Guineans including the two pilots.[1][2]

The name 'Kokoda' was well known to many Australians after World War Two.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "No survivors in PNG plane crash". News Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  2. ^ "'No survivors' at PNG crash site". BBC News. 12 August 2009.