IJA Air Force
Number built 937 including a single prototype
Kokusai Ki-76 was a Japanese high-wing monoplane artillery spotter and liaison aircraft that served in World War II. The Allied reporting name was "Stella".
Design and development [ edit ]
In 1940, the
Imperial Japanese Army Air Force ordered the Nippon Kokusai Koku Kogyo to produce an artillery spotting and liaison aircraft. The resulting Ki-76 was inspired by, and similar to, the German Fieseler Fi 156 "Storch", although not a direct copy. Like the Storch, it was a high-winged [1 ] monoplane with a fixed tailwheel undercarriage. However, rather than the slotted flaps used by the German aircraft, the Ki-76 used Fowler flaps, while it was powered by Hitachi Ha-42 radial engine rather than the Argus As 10 inline engine of the Storch.
First flying in May 1941, the Ki-76 proved successful when evaluated against an example of the Fi-156, and was ordered into production as the Army Type 3 Command Liaison Plane in November 1942.
Operational history [ edit ]
The Ki-76 remained in service as an artillery spotter and liaison aircraft until the end of the war. Ki-76s were also used as anti-submarine aircraft, operating from the Japanese Army's escort carrier, the
Akitsu Maru, being fitted with an arrestor hook and carrying two 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges. [3 ]
Operators [ edit ]
Specifications (Ki-76) [ edit ]
Data from Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft; [4 ] Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War [5 ]
1× 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine gun in rear cockpit
2× 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges (some variants)
See also [ edit ]
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
References [ edit ]
Francillon, Ph.D., René J.
Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-370-30251-6. Jackson, Robert,
The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, Parragon, 2002. ISBN 0-7525-8130-9.