A Kolach (plural kolache //, also spelled kolace, kolach, or kolacky, from the Czech and Slovak plural koláče, sg. koláč) is a type of pastry that holds a dollop of fruit rimmed by a puffy pillow of supple dough. Originating as a semisweet wedding dessert from Central Europe, they have become popular in parts of the United States.
Several cities, including Prague, Oklahoma; Caldwell, Texas; East Bernard, Texas; Crosby, Texas; Hallettsville, Texas; St. Ludmila's Catholic Church in Cedar Rapids, Iowa; and Kewaunee, Wisconsin hold annual Kolache Festival celebrations.
Montgomery, Minnesota, is the "Kolacky capital of the world" and holds an annual festival known as Kolacky Days. Verdigre, Nebraska, stakes the same claim with their Kolach Days. Prague, Nebraska, claims to be known as the home of the world's largest kolache. Both Caldwell and West, Texas, claim the title of "Kolache Capital" of the state.
Still other communities in the United States hold Czech-American festivals, where kolache may be found.
A related dish is a klobasnek (plural klobasniky or klobasniki), which often uses similar bread but is filled with a link of sausage or ground sausage. Some people mistakenly refer to these as kolache. They may also contain ham, cheese, jalapeño, eggs and bacon/sausage, potato, etc., and they resemble a "pig in a blanket". Czech settlers created klobasniky after they immigrated to Texas.
- Kalach: East Slavic bread
- Klobasnek: Czech pastry popular in central and southeast Texas
- Kołacz: Polish pastry
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