Kolding

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Coordinates: 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E / 55.49167°N 9.50000°E / 55.49167; 9.50000
Kolding
Town
Kolding - Slotsø1.JPG
The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
Coat of arms
Country Denmark
Region Southern Denmark (Syddanmark)
Municipality Kolding
Elevation 50 m (164 ft)
Coordinates 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E / 55.49167°N 9.50000°E / 55.49167; 9.50000
Population 58,021 (2014)
First documented 1231[1]
Mayor Jørn Pedersen
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6000
Area code (+45) 7
Kolding (left center) in Denmark
Website: http://www.kolding.dk/

Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰʌleŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.

With a population of 90,066 (1 January 2014), the Kolding municipality is the seventh largest in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 58,021 (1 January 2014)[2] and is also the seventh largest city in Denmark.

The municipality is also a part of the East Jutland metropolitan area with 1.2 million inhabitants.[3]

History[edit]

Battle of Kolding, 1658

In the Battle of Kolding, fought on 25 December 1658, the allied Polish and Danish forces under hetman Stefan Czarniecki defeated the Swedish forces of Charles X Gustav of Sweden.

A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.

On 3 November 2004, N. P. Johnsen's Fireworksfactory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their home during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.

Overview[edit]

Evangelical Lutheran church in Kolding
Kolding Castle

Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is now a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark.[citation needed] Popular tourist attractions include the Trapholt art museum and the gardens Geografisk Have. Trapholt holds collections of Danish arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. Kolding is also the site of Designskolen Kolding, a university design school.

Main sights[edit]

The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.

The Trapholt art museum features many pieces from mainly Danish artists, along with a large collection of chairs.

Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum) which is situated in the former reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.

Design School Kolding

Education[edit]

A branch of University College South (Danish: University College Syd) can be found in Kolding.

A branch campus of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) is located in the former hospital which was closed in 1975. Due to lack of space at this location, a new University is being built in downtown Kolding and due to open in August 2014. The city is also home to Design School Kolding (Designskolen Kolding), established in 1967 and teaching undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the areas of fashion, graphic design and textiles.[4]

The new building of University of Southern Denmark will be built further to the east at Grønborggrunden in central Kolding.[5]

Sister cities[edit]

Kolding is twinned with the following towns.[6]

City Region Country Year
Anjō  Aichi  Japan 1997
Delmenhorst  Lower Saxony  Germany 1979
Drammen Buskerud vapen.png Buskerud  Norway 1946
Huéscar  Andalusia  Spain 1982
Lappeenranta Etelä-Karjala.vaakuna.svg South Karelia  Finland 1947
Nanortalik Kujalleq-coat-of-arms.svg Kujalleq  Greenland 2007
Örebro Närke vapen.svg Närke  Sweden 1946
Panevėžys Panevezys County flag.png Panevėžys County  Lithuania 2000
Pisa  Tuscany  Italy 2007
Stykkishólmur Iceland Western Region  Iceland 1979
Szombathely Vas departemento blazono.jpg Vas County  Hungary 1991

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bøje, Jens Anker (2007-06-19). "Kolding - byens historie i korte træk" (in Danish). kolding.dk. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  2. ^ "BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas" database from Statistics Denmark
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Design School Kolding". Cumulus. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Venskabsbyer

External links[edit]