||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Danish Wikipedia. (October 2013)|
The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"
|Region||Southern Denmark (Syddanmark)|
|Elevation||50 m (164 ft)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||(+45) 7|
Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰʌleŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.
With a population of 89,412 (1 January 2012), the Kolding municipality is the seventh largest in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 57,583 (1 January 2013) and is also the seventh largest city in Denmark.
A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.
On 3 November 2004, N. P. Johnsen's Fireworksfactory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their home during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.
Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is now a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark. Popular tourist attractions include the Trapholt art museum and the gardens Geografisk Have. Trapholt holds collections of Danish arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. Kolding is also the site of Designskolen Kolding, a university design school.
The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.
The Trapholt art museum features many pieces from mainly Danish artists, along with a large collection of chairs.
Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum) which is situated in the former reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.
A branch of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) can be found in Kolding and it is located in a former hospital which was closed in 1975. Due to lack of space at this location, a new University is about to be built at another location in Kolding.
The new building of University of Southern Denmark will be built further to the east at Grønborggrunden in central Kolding.
- Kolding Municipality
- Chronicle of the Expulsion of the Grayfriars#Chapter 6 Concerning the Friary in Kolding
- Official website (English)