Kolomna Kremlin

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For other uses of "Kolomna", see Kolomna (disambiguation).

Kolomna Kremlin is a very large fortress in Kolomna, Russia. The stone Kolomna Kremlin was built from 1525—1531 under the Russian Tsar Vasily III. Before its reconstruction in 1531, the Kolomna Kremlin was made of wood. On its territory there are many Russian churches and monasteries: The Uspensky cathedral, the Voskresenky church, the Spassky monastery (14th century), and a number of others.

Buildings of the Kolomna Kremlin[edit]

Sviblova Tower and a view of the Kolomna Kremnlin. Picture by M. Kazakov. 1778 г.
Pyatnitskie Gates

The Kolomna kremlin once had 17 towers, four of which had gates, with the main gates being located at the northern and southern end of the complex. Only 7 towers and two parts of the wall have survived.

Here is a list of the towers (towers marked as gates means that a gate was running underneath it):

  • Pyatnitskie Gates
  • Kolomenskaya Tower
  • Granovitaya Tower
  • Yamskaya Tower
  • Simionovskaya Tower
  • Spasskaya Tower
  • Pogorelaya Tower
  • Voznesenskaya Tower
  • Ivanovskie Gates
  • Borisobglebskaya Tower
  • Kosie Gates
  • Voskresenskaya Tower
  • Sandirevskaya Tower
  • Bobretsevskaya Tower
  • Vodynie Gates
  • Sviblova Tower
  • Zastenochnaya Tower

Besides towers, there were two gates in walls: The Mihaelovskie Gates and the Melynychnie Gates

The Cathedral of the Asccension in the Kolomna Kremlin

Statistics[edit]

Number of towers: 17
Number of towers in the keep: 7
Number of gates: 3
Years of construction: 1525–1531
Area: 24 hectares
Length of wall: 1940 meters
Height of towers: 30–35 meters
Height of wall: 18–21 meters
Thickness of wall: 3-4.5 meters

Coordinates: 55°06′14″N 38°45′10″E / 55.1038888989°N 38.7527777878°E / 55.1038888989; 38.7527777878