Kolomna Locomotive Works

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The Kolomna Locomotive Works (Kolomensky Zavod) is a major producer of railroad locomotives in Russia. The plant started production in 1869 with a freight steam locomotive, one of the first in Russia. In the Czarist period before the Russian Revolution, Kolomena was one of a very few producers in Russia. During this period 139 types of steam locomotives were designed.

The company is a part of Transmashholding.

The range of production[edit]

The main activities of the company: design, manufacturing and service of diesel units (medium-speed diesel engines and diesel generators for diesel locomotives, power plants, heavy trucks, ships), mainline locomotives (passenger and freight locomotives, passenger electric DC).

Kolomna plant is the only Russian producer of passenger locomotives, the creator of the first domestic samples of the main high-speed passenger EP200 AC locomotives, passenger DC electric EP2K, freight locomotives 2TE70. TEP70 passenger locomotives (along with modifications and TEP70 TEP70BS) provide much of the passenger traffic on non-electrified sections of railways of Russia and CIS countries. Kolomna plant - the largest Russian supplier of medium speed engines with capacity 450-5000 kW


Last steam locomotive built
Tram BF Kolomna factory production of the 1910s

The factory was founded in 1863 at near Kolomna military engineer A. E. Struve by the name of "Mechanical Engineering and Foundry Plant Struve brothers. " The first production plant for steel bridge structures railways. In the second half of the 19th century and let locomotives, cars, river boats, locomobiles[disambiguation needed]. In 1866 and was called "Plant engineers Struve brothers, " his brother joined the management of A. Struve Gustav. In 1871 and moved to The company Kolomna Machine-Building Plant.

The plant in Kolomna built: the first Russian three-axle locomotive T-Series (1870), who became the first engine s and the plant itself, the world's first ship with a diesel engine plant - lift "the Kolomna Diesel" (1907) and the first production Soviet locomotive Ee.

In the first years of Soviet power plant in small quantities manufactured locomotives, wagons, streetcars and Diesel. In 1931, the plant began to produce locomotives, first - experienced, and in 1932 in conjunction with the plant "Dinamo" - electric s series VL19.

Prior to the World War II (1941 - 1945), the plant produced steam locomotives, diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, diesel engines, tunnel shields and tubing to subway, turbine, tenders, condensers for steam locomotives. During the war, the plant provided the needs of the front: repaired tank and built armored train and, manufactured ammunition. In 1943 at the plant resumed production of steam locomotives and diesel engines. In November, 1953 and the plant has produced ten thousandth locomotive.

In 1956 and the factory serial production of diesel locomotives and diesel engines for locomotives, ships, Submarine, diesel power plants. Passenger locomotives TEP60 and TEP70 perform the lion's share of passenger traffic on non-electrified lines in the Russian and Belarus and exploited in Kazakhstan is

In 1935 at the plant was named B. Kuibyshev. The plant was awarded the Order of Lenin (1939), Order of the Red Banner of (1945) and Order of the October Revolution (1971).

At the end of 1934 and at the Kolomna Kolomna Locomotive Works laid three submarines of the "Pike" under the numbers u-313 u-314 and u-315. In the spring of 1937 and launched the boat and towed to Nizhny Novgorod on the factory "Red Sormovo. " Template:No AI

Product line[edit]

  • Steam Locomotive T-Series (1870-1915), freight and passenger steam locomotives Russian and Soviet railways axial formula 0-3-0, 1-3-0 and 0-3-1
  • Eel (1932-1941), the serial freight locomotive with electric transmission DC regulation in cascade Ward Leonard modification Swiss electrical engineer Boveri
  • VL19 (1932-1938), main cargo DC electric locomotive. Is the first, and among the series (until March 1953), the only electric locomotive design which was created in the Soviet Union.
  • TE3 (1956-1973), twelve-axle (type 2 (30-30)) freight locomotive capacity of 2 × 2000 hp. In the 1960s, has been the major driving force for non-electrificated railways, replacing steam locomotives.
  • TEP60 (1960-1985), passenger diesel locomotive.
  • TEP70 (1973-2006), passenger diesel locomotive.
  • TEP70BS (2006-current), modernization version TEP70
  • EP200 (1996), experimental high-speed electric locomotive AC, released in 1996 in duplicate. Construction speed of 200 km / h.
  • TEP80 (1988-1989), experienced passenger diesel locomotive. Total built two locomotives of this series.

Locomotive TEP80-0002 is a world record for speed of locomotives. The record is 271 km / h (1993), write about what you can see on the back of the locomotive is in now in the museum at the former railway station Warsaw warsaw st. The second locomotive, also with a commemorative inscription, located in Novosibirsk museum of railway equipment. Record set machinist Mankiewicz Alexander, October 5, 1993, but not listed in the Guinness Book of World Records and is declared by the manufacturer.

  • 2TE70 (2004-2010), freight diesel locomotive with two six-axis sections, unified by the main units of passenger locomotives TEP70 and TEP70BS designed to drive freight trains weighing up to 6,000 tons.


External links[edit]

[Kolomna Diesel web site |http://www.kolomnadiesel.com/eng/about/history/1863-1903/]