Kolozs County

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Kolozs County
Comitatul Cluj
Comitatus Kolosiensis
Kolozs vármegye
Komitat Klausenburg
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
15th century–1920

Coat of arms of Kolozs

Coat of arms

Location of Kolozs
Capital Kolozsvár
46°46′N 23°36′E / 46.767°N 23.600°E / 46.767; 23.600Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°36′E / 46.767°N 23.600°E / 46.767; 23.600
History
 -  Established 15th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 5,006 km2 (1,933 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 286,700 
Density 57.3 /km2  (148.3 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Cluj-Napoca is the current name of the capital.

Kolozs was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania (north-western Transylvania). The capital of the county was the city of Cluj (Kolozsvár in Hungarian), today Cluj-Napoca in Romania.

Geography[edit]

After 1876, Kolozs county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Bihar, Szilágy, Szolnok-Doboka, Beszterce-Naszód, Maros-Torda and Torda-Aranyos. The rivers Crişul Repede and Someşul Mic flow through the county. Its area was 5006 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Kolozs county was formed in the 11th century. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of Romania. It was occupied by Hungary between 1940–1944 during World War II. Most of the territory of the county lies in the present Romanian county Cluj, some parts of the county are in the present Romanian counties Sălaj (north-west), Bistriţa-Năsăud (north-east) and Mureş (south-east).

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 212,352 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 286,687 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Kolozs county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Bánffyhunyad Bánffyhunyad, RO Huedin
Gyalu Gyalu, RO Gilău
Hídalmás Hídalmás, RO Hida
Kolozsvár Kolozsvár, RO Cluj
Mezőörményes Mezőörményes, RO Urmeniș
Mocs Mocs, RO Mociu
Nádasment Kolozsvár, RO Cluj
Nagysármás Nagysármás, RO Sărmaşu
Teke Teke, RO Teaca
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Kolozsvár, RO Cluj
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Kolozs, RO Cojocna

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19.