Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Koltsovo.
Koltsovo (English)
Кольцово (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Work settlement[citation needed]
Новый микрорайон в наукограде Кольцово декабрь2007.jpg
View of Koltsovo
Map of Russia - Novosibirsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia
Koltsovo is located in Novosibirsk Oblast
Koltsovo
Koltsovo
Location of Koltsovo in Novosibirsk Oblast
Coordinates: 54°56′20″N 83°11′00″E / 54.93889°N 83.18333°E / 54.93889; 83.18333Coordinates: 54°56′20″N 83°11′00″E / 54.93889°N 83.18333°E / 54.93889; 83.18333
Flag of Koltsovo (Novosibirsk oblast).png
Flag
Administrative status (as of 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Novosibirsk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Novosibirsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2011)
Urban okrug Koltsovo Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Koltsovo Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Area (urban okrug) (2007) 6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 12,319 inhabitants[4]
Density 1,895 /km2 (4,910 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone OMST (UTC+07:00)[6]
Founded August 30, 1979[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 383[citation needed]
Official website
Koltsovo on WikiCommons

Koltsovo (Russian: Кольцо́во) is an urban locality (a work settlement) in Novosibirsky District of Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) kilometers northeast of Akademgorodok and 20 kilometers (12 mi) southeast of Novosibirsk's center. Population: 15,795;[7] 12,319 (2010 Census);[4] 9,570 (2002 Census);[8] 7,946 (1989 Census).[9]. Total area: 18,8 sq.km.[10] Koltsovo is a Science town (Naukograd) of the Russian Federation.

History[edit]

The history of Koltsovo began in 1974 and is inseparably linked with the history of the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR. The settlement, initially established as a home to an institute for research of especially dangerous viruses, was named after a famous Soviet biologist, cytologist, and geneticist Nikolai Koltsov.[11] On January 17, 2003, Koltsovo was granted naukograd (science town) status, which it is to retain until the end of 2025. The status is granted to the cities with high concentrations of scientific research and production capabilities. Koltsovo received its status by Russian President order no.45 of January 17, 2003.[12]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Koltsovo is subordinated to Novosibirsky District.[1] As a municipal division, Koltsovo is incorporated separately as Koltsovo Urban Okrug.[2]

Science and business[edit]

Since its creation Koltsovo has been developing as a center of biotechnology, molecular biology, and virology. For instance, Koltsovo’s Institute Vector is one of two places in the world which is an official repository of smallpox. The second smallpox store resides at the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia.

The science-driven business of the Science town has always been nurtured by research conducted by Vector specialists. The first wave of commercialization of Vector developments took place in 1990s and was sustained by the Vector director Lev Sandakchiev. A number of research spin-offs were created at that period, including Vector-Medica, Vector-Best, Vector-Bialgam, ImDi, which are currently among the most prominent innovation enterprises in Koltsovo.

The research conducted in Koltsovo includes such top-notch developments, such as vaccines against breast cancer,[13] hepatitis A and A+B,[14] therapeutic HIV Vaccine and vaccine against pandemic H1N1 influenza;[15] test-systems for early diagnostics of cancer, infectious diseases, TORCH-infections, zoonosis infections, hepatitis C, as well as dangerous deathly viruses such as Ebola, Marburg, Machupo, Lassa, dengue and yellow fever.[16]

Koltsovo also has a number of companies active in functional food production, such as liquid probiotics with 100% content of bifidumbacteria, muesli enriched with probiotics, products based on pure extracts of pine and fir, different types of food supplements.[17]

Not only virology and biotechnology in different aspects attract attention of researchers from Koltsovo.[18] Koltsovo is a home to a large IT company Center of Financial Technologies, software developer for financial, healthcare and public sectors, known for its creation of the Russian payment system Zolotaya Korona.

Koltsovo has an infrastructure for science-driven business, including:

  1. Innovation center Koltsovo, a non-for-profit organization established in 2000 in order to assist the start and development of local innovation business[19]
  2. Business-incubator Koltsovo, established in 2006, which rents offices to innovation start-ups on beneficial conditions[20]
  3. BioTechnopark Koltsovo, opened in 2011, is an area of 114 hectares aimed for location of production and R&D premises of biotech companies.[21] The BioTechnopark Koltsovo shall launch a Joint usage center in September 2014 which will serve as a certification and production center for BioTech start-ups, as well as a location for classes of the new Master’s program on biotechnology, launched jointly by Vector and Novosibirsk State University.[22]

In 2013 the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation has adopted the creation of a joint BioPharma and IT cluster in Novosibirsk region with the BioPharma centered in Koltsovo.[23] In 2014 35 companies of Koltsovo, as well as biotech companies from Akademgorodok and Berdsk have created a non-profit partnership BioPharm as an instrument for fostering cooperation and interests protection.[24]

Society and economy[edit]

Koltsovo is the least populated naukograd in Russia, but it takes the lead among other naukograds in tax revenue, volume of produced innovation products, residential construction, and birth rate.[25] Koltsovo is located in a picturesque place, surrounded by coniferous and birch trees. The apartment buildings are beautifully alternated by green plantations. The unique location of the Science town, its vicinity to Novosibirsk and the adjacent science center Akademgorodok, create a special ambiance where tranquility is combined with energy from business and social life. Since 2006 in Koltsovo 4 new neighborhoods have been constructed and the 5th is planned to be built in the next 5 years.[26] It provides solid population growth as well as high birth rate in Koltsovo. Koltsovo has a high-level medical complex, including a recently refurbished policlinic with newly opened center for rehabilitation for kids with cerebral palsy,[27] schools, including a boarding school with specialisation in biotechnology,[28] kindergartens, recreation centers, a recently refurbished art school,[29] trading centers, drug stores, market, cafés, and a hotel. Proximity to nature allows residents to enjoy outings. Koltsovo Park offers, among others, downhill skiing in winter and fishing and horse riding in summer.[30] Koltsovo has a stadium, refurbished in 2008, with running tracks, tennis court, football and volleyball fields.[31] The social life thrives with guest performances of Novosibirsk theaters and concerts. The Youth Parliament,[32] which implements social projects, was organized by students living in Koltsovo.

International cooperation[edit]

Koltsovo actively develops international cooperation. The Science town is often visited by business and scientific delegations from European and Asian countries, such as Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, China, Thailand and others. Koltsovo business often sets on company missions abroad, to countries like Finland, Greece, Germany and others. The international cooperation is sustained by Municipality of Koltsovo and Innovation center Koltsovo.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 50 240 552», в ред. изменения №234/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 50 240 552, as amended by the Amendment #234/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Law #200-OZ
  3. ^ 31 июля 2007 г. «Реестр населённых пунктов Новосибирской области». (July 31, 2007 Registry of the Inhabited Localities of Novosibirsk Oblast. ).
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Подсчитано точное количество жителей Кольцово/ Accurate number of Koltsovo citizens calculated http://www.naukogradpress.ru/zdorovie/2013/07/14/podschitano-tochnoe-kolichestvo-zhitelej-kol-tsovo/
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Official Koltsovo website data: http://kolcovo.ru/
  11. ^ Milton Leitenberg,Raymond A Zilinskas,Jens H Kuhn, The Soviet Biological Weapons Program: a history, Harvard University Press, 2012
  12. ^ Указ Президента РФ от 17 января 2003 г. N 45, о присвоении статуса наукограда Российской Федерации рабочему поселку Кольцово Новосибирской области/ Russian Federation Presiden Order no.45 of January 17, 2003 on granting the status of Naukograd to the work settlement Koltsovo of Novosibirsk oblast
  13. ^ Novosibirsk company to start clinical trials of cancer vaccine: http://en.sib.fm/news/2013/10/04/novosibirsk-company-to-start-clinical-trials-of-cancer-vaccine
  14. ^ В Кольцово открывается производство вакцин против гепатита / Koltsovo to launch A hepatitis vaccines production http://academ.info/news/10077
  15. ^ ученым «Вектора» разрешили продолжить испытания вакцины от ВИЧ / Vector scientists to continue HIV vaccine trials: http://news.ngs.ru/more/1643888/
  16. ^ Тест-системы, разработанные в наукограде Кольцово, применят на Олимпиаде в Сочи / Test-systems developed in Koltsovo used at Olympics in Sochi http://gmpnews.ru/2014/02/test-sistemy-razrabotannye-v-naukograde-kolcovo-primenyat-na-olimpiade-v-sochi/
  17. ^ Наукоград Кольцово представит на выставке полезные продукты / Science town Koltsovo to present useful products at the fair http://www.interfood-siberia.ru/ru-RU/about/news/15935.aspx
  18. ^ Mushrooms destroy HIV and flu viruses — Novosibirsk VECTOR centre http://en.sib.fm/news/2013/09/23/mushrooms-destroy-hiv-and-flu-viruses--novosibirsk-vector-centre
  19. ^ Innovation center Koltsovo Official website: http://ick-rttn.ru
  20. ^ Business incubator Koltsovo: http://www.kolcovo.ru/Naukograd/INFS/BI/
  21. ^ Biotechnopark Koltsovo Official website: http://www.btp-nso.ru/
  22. ^ Открытие кольцовского Центра коллективного пользования откладывается на сентябрь / Opening of center of collective usage postponed till September http://www.naukogradpress.ru/tehnologii/2014/04/04/otkladyvaetsya-otkrytie-koltsovskogo-tsentra-kollektivnogo-polzovaniya/
  23. ^ В Кольцово создадут объединенный IT-биофармацевтический кластер/ Koltsovo creates a joint IT-BioPharma cluster http://sibkray.ru/news/3/400411/
  24. ^ В Кольцово создано партнерство «Биофарм» / BioPharm partnership created in Koltsovo http://www.naukogradpress.ru/tehnologii/2014/02/15/v-koltsovo-sozdano-partnerstvo-biofarm/
  25. ^ Красников «у нас самая высокая в области рождаемость» | Krasnikov: we have the highest birth rate in the region http://newsib.net/index.php?newsid=81316181
  26. ^ Строительная фирма Проспект построит в Кольцово новый микрорайон / Construction company Prospect will build a new neighborhood in Koltsovo http://tayga.info/releases/2014/02/10/~115449
  27. ^ В Кольцово появится уникальный центр реабилитации пациентов с детским церебральным параличом / Koltsovo to have a unique center for rehabilitation for kids with infantile cerebral paralysis : http://www.nrb1.ru/news/view/22
  28. ^ Biotechnological boarding school, Official website: http://biolicey21.ru/
  29. ^ В Кольцово школа искусств переехала в отремонтированное здание / Art school moved to a new building in Koltsovo http://www.bn.ru/novosibirskaya-oblast/news/2013/06/25/113710.html
  30. ^ Park Koltsovo, official website: http://park-kolcovo.ru//
  31. ^ Koltsovo Stadium: http://kolcovo.ru/SocialSphere/Sport/stadion.php
  32. ^ Koltsovo Youth Parliament, official website: http://kolcovo.ru/SocialSphere/MolParlament

Sources[edit]

  • Новосибирский областной Совет депутатов. Закон №200-ОЗ от 2 июня 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Новосибирской области», в ред. Закона №459-ОЗ от 2 июля 2014 г. «Об упразднении деревни Красный Яр муниципального образования Чумаковского сельсовета Куйбышевского района Новосибирской области и о внесении изменений в Законы Новосибирской области, устанавливающие границы муниципальных образований Новосибирской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Советская Сибирь", №108, 9 июня 2004 г. (Novosibirsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #200-OZ of June 2, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Novosibirsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #459-OZ of July 2, 2014 On Abolishing the Village of Krasny Yar in the Municipal Formation of Chumakovsky Selsoviet of Kuybyshevsky District of Novosibirsk Oblast and on Amending Various Laws of Novosibirsk Oblast Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Novosibirsk Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]