|Country of origin||Philippines|
Kombatan is a Filipino martial arts system. The founder of the system was Ernesto Amador Presas. The current head of the system is Ernesto Presas Jr. The style is known for its double stick techniques, but it features other stick and blade techniques, as well as empty-hand methods.
Ernesto A. Presas Sr. was born in the coastal town of Hinigaran, Negros Occidental on 1945-05-20. At age 8 he began his martial arts training under his father, Jose Presas, a well known escrima practitioner at that time. He went on to be an athlete in his college years, participating in various sports. His training in the martial arts is eclectic, having studied judo, jujutsu, karate, and various forms of Filipino and Japanese weaponry. He was Lakan Sampu (10th Dan) in arnis and Mano Mano (hand to hand combat) and Lakan Walo (8th Dan) in Philippine Weaponry.
Remy and Ernesto Presas both recognized that the classical arts of their country were losing their appeal and therefore slowly dying. Both sought to modernize the native arts into an effective fighting system that would be appealing to martial arts students living in modern Filipino society. Their dream to re-introduce the native arts led to the development of Modern Arnis. Ernesto Presas would later re-christen his version of the art Kombatan.
In 1970 he began to teach the Filipino martial arts in the University of the Philippines and Lyceum of the Philippines. Later other classes expanded to the University of Santo Tomas, Central Colleges of the Philippines, the Far Eastern Military Academy, Philippine National Police Academy, and the Philippines Air Force Officer's School. Also in 1970 he was invited to Japan at Expo '70' to demonstrate Arnis. He quickly earned the respect of many of the Japanese masters who called his Art Filipino Kendo. After returning home, with the help of his friend Frederico Lazo, he opened his first club. Later he formed the Modern Arnis Association of the Philippines International and the ARJUKEN (which stands for Arnis, Jujutsu, Kendo) Karate Association to formally spread the art within the Philippines. In 1975 he founded the International Philippine Martial Arts Federation (IPMAF) and began to spread the Filipino art to the outside world. In time his Arnis Presas Style and techniques became widely accepted and adopted by countries in Europe, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Saudi Arabia and Puerto Rico. He has also published numerous books and videos and has been featured on the cover of Inside Kung Fu magazine with the title "Ernesto Presas: The Father of Mano-Mano" (which art he created).
Ernesto Presas traveled the world teaching seminars to spread his art. Many visited the Philippines to take lessons from him in Manila.
Major practitioners include: Ernesto Amador Presas (deceased), Fred Lazo (deceased), Ernesto Presas Jr., Pepe Yap, Mike Bowers, Alex France, Lito Concepcion, Juerg Ziegler, John R. Malmo, Jon Rudy, Andy Elliott, Shelley Millspaugh, Vincent Pernice, Wolfgang Schnur, Walter Hubmann, Edwin Lao, Thorbjørn “Toby” Hartelius, Johan Skålberg, Alex Ercia, Audy Ercia, Tomi Harell, Jose G. Paman, Randy Remolin, Jess Pablo, Carlos Pulanco, Andreas Boruta, Giovanni Zagari, Patrick Paulo, Marina Regnér.
Current Chief Instructors
- Grandmaster Mike Bowers (9th Dan)- North America
- Grandmaster Shelley Millspaugh (9th Dan)- Colorado, USA
- Grandmaster Rick Manglinong (9th Dan)- California, USA
- Grandmaster Tim Hartman (9th Dan)- New York, USA
- Grandmaster John R. Malmo (8th Dan)- Midwest, USA
- Grandmaster Toby Hartelius (8th Dan) - Denmark
- Grandmaster Andy Elliot (8th Dan) - Australia & New Zealand
- Grandmaster Walter Hubmann (8th Dan) - Austria
- Senior Master Tomi Harrell (7th Dan) - Finland
- Senior Master Randy Remolin (7th Dan) - Italy
- Master Jess Pablo (6th Dan) - Ireland
- Master Fidel Bonifacio (5th Dan) - Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- Master Marina Regner (5th Dan) - Sweden
- Master Giovanni Zagari (5th Dan) - Singapore
- Guro Salavador Caballero (3rd Dan) - Spain
- Guro Rainer Benjatschek (2nd Dan) - Germany
- Guro Daniel Kroupa (1st Dan) - Czech Republic
Kombatan combines several traditional Filipino styles that have been blended into a single art:
- Hirada Batangueno - Pinayong. Commonly referred to as hirada bantagueña, after the Batangas province from which it originated, pinayong is Kombatan's "umbrella" block-and-counter pattern. It consists of an umbrella-like covering block/counter followed with any number of strikes; often an upward strike that can impact areas such as the groin, chin, or forearm.
- Sungkiti Tutsada - Sungkiti also called tutsada, tuslok, or salag tusok represents the deadly thrusting techniques that can devastate an opponent. It is especially effective for combat in places where lateral movement is restricted. Sungkiti aims to attack vulnerable areas like the eyes, throat, solar plexus, underams, and groin.
- Abaniko Largo / Corto
- Doblada / Doblete
- Banda y Banda
- Ocho Ocho - Ocho ocho means "figure eight," and this pattern of movement follows the path of the infinity symbol. Ocho ocho may be delivered in a wide or tight manner, depending on the situation.
- Espada Y Daga - sword and dagger, or stick and dagger methods
- Daga sa Daga
- Dulo Dulo - The dulo dulo is a specialty weapon of Kombatan. It is simply a short stick, or horn, of about six inches with points at both ends. It is used in close quarters to attack sensitive areas of the body. It can be utilized to strike; to force your opponent to release you from a grabbing attack; or to magnify the effect of a joint lock by attacking the sensitive points you are controlling.
- Dos Puntas
- Tres Puntas
- Bangkaw - The bangkaw is a staff, usually around six-feet in length, used to attack and defend. Kombatan features techniques for its use against another staff, as well as other weapons. Its primary advantage is its long reach. With it, one can counter an attack from an opponent armed with a bolo or knife without coming into close proximity. The bangkaw is a martial adaptation of the long stick that is used in rural areas of the Philippines to carry two large buckets of water on ones shoulder.
- (Paman, 2007)
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- Presas, E. (1985). "Arnis Presas Style and Balisong"
- Presas, E., Avendanio, S., Torres, R. (1981). "The Art of Arnis: A modern presentation of an Ancient Martial Art"
- Presas, E. (1996). "Filipino Modern Mano-Mano, Presas Style"
- Presas, E. (1996). "Filipino Combative Police Techniques"
- Presas, E. (1998). "Filipino Armas de Mano, Presas Style"
- Presas, E. (1998). "Filipino Knife Fighting, Presas Style"
- Presas, E. (2002). "Dumog, Presas Style"
- Ziegler/Presas, E. (2005). "Kicking and Stretching for Children"
Presas, E. A., Philippine Combative Arts Series. (1995).
- Single Baton (Solo Baston)
- Double Baton (Doble Baston)
- Sword and Knife (Espada y daga)
- Force to Force (Doblete & Doblada)
- Staff (Bankaw)
- Police Techniques
- Umbrella (Sungkiti thrusts)
- Knife Fighting (Daga sa Daga)
- Hand-to-Hand Combat (Mano-mano)
- 12 Baton Strikes Presas Style
- Small Rod (Dos Puntos & Dulo-dulo)
Presas, E. A., Kombatan Curriculum. (2007).
- Solo Baston System
- Double Baston System
- Mano-Mano System