Komchen

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Komchén
Town
Komchén is located in Yucatán
Komchén
Komchén
Location of Merida in Yucatán
Coordinates: 21°06′13″N 89°39′45″W / 21.10361°N 89.66250°W / 21.10361; -89.66250Coordinates: 21°06′13″N 89°39′45″W / 21.10361°N 89.66250°W / 21.10361; -89.66250
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Municipality Escudo de Merida Yucatan.svg Mérida
Population (2005[1])
 • Total 3,778
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Merida

Komchén is a community in the Municipality of Mérida in the state of Yucatan, located in southeastern Mexico. Komchén is located 15 kilometers north of the city of Mérida, in the northwestern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula and is approximately 20 km from the northern peninsular coast. Its name comes from the Yucatec Mayan and means: In the well of the hollow. Its infrastructure includes, educational services (a kindergarten, a primary school, a high school and a Bachelors School and a municipal library), a clinic of the Mexican Social Security Institute as well as recreational parks and marinas. 90% of Its streets are paved.

Pre-Columbian History[edit]

Komchén is also the location of a pre-Columbian Maya archaeological site of the same name and is situated close to the site of Dzibilchaltun. Pre-Columbian Komchén was initially settled during the Mesoamerican Middle Preclassic. Its earliest settlement consisted of a small residential community with perishable structure. The site transitioned into a larger community during the Late Preclassic, reaching its peak in construction between the years 350-150 BC[2] and employing permanent stone masonry in architectural construction. It appears that the site was entirely abandoned by the end of the Late Preclassic (ca. A.D. 250). Later, however, the site was partially reoccupied by residents of the expanding center of Dzibilchaltun.

Archaeological investigation of the site commenced during the early 1980s when a research project, under the direction of E. Wyllys Andrews V of the Middle American Research Institute (MARI) of Tulane University, began excavating at Komchén.[3] This research documented nearly 1000 residential structures in an area approximately 2 km² in size, including a core of five large platforms (the tallest of which was 8 meters) and a sacbe (one of the earliest identified in the Yucatán) (Andrews et al. 1984).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census Results by Locality, 2005 INEGI.
  2. ^ Sharer, Robert J. The Ancient Maya, 5th edition., page 130 Stanford University Press, Stanford. 1994. ISBN 0-8047-2310-9
  3. ^ Andrews, E. Wyllys, V, Ringle William M., Barnes P.J. Komchen, an Early Maya Community in Northwest Yucatán. In Investigaciones recientes en el área maya 1:73-92. XVII Mesa Redonda, Sociedad Mexicana de Antropologia, Mexico City, 1984