Komló

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Komló
Coat of arms of Komló
Coat of arms
Komló is located in Hungary
Komló
Komló
Location of Komló
Coordinates: 46°11′28″N 18°15′41″E / 46.19119°N 18.26126°E / 46.19119; 18.26126Coordinates: 46°11′28″N 18°15′41″E / 46.19119°N 18.26126°E / 46.19119; 18.26126
Country  Hungary
County Baranya
Area
 • Total 46.55 km2 (17.97 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 25,881
 • Density 578.02/km2 (1,497.1/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7300
Area code(s) 72

Komló (Croatian: Komlov) is a town in Baranya county, Hungary. The name of the settlement is derived from the local crop of hops (komló), an ingredient of beer. By the 18th century a depiction of this plant running up a support already featured on the herald of the town.

The former village of Komló became a planned mining city during the socialist era.[1] It was the second biggest mining centre in Hungary after Tatabánya.

History[edit]

The area was inhabited by the Romans, the ruins of 2nd-century Roman villas were discovered during the laying of foundations for new buildings in the area (Mecsekjánosi, Körtvélyes). The existence of the once village is first mentioned in a charter from 1256 as 'villa Compleov', then part of the estates of the Pécsvárad Abbey.

The small settlements that are part of Komló today were already inhabited during the Árpád Age (Kökönyös (Kwkenyes), Gadány-puszta (Gadan), Keményfalva (Kemefalua), Jánosi (Csépán), Mecsekfalu (Szopok), Kisbattyán (Battyan), Zobákpuszta (Zabaguy) and Sikonda (Sicund)).[2]

Komló was not deserted during the Turkish rule, however the population was very scant. After 1945, Komló was among those settlements whose expansion into a city was a somewhat forced affair directed by political decisions. A determining factor of its development was the role in coal mining. After more than 100 years of operation mining in the area ceased on 1 January 2000.

Sightseeing[edit]

Remains of medieval chapel in Komló

The ruin of Gothic medieval chapel is situated (dates from 13-14th) behind the church of Komló. A graveyard surrounded the chapel at one time. The Museum of the Local History is settled in the centre of the town (there is an exhibition where we can see the footprints of the Komlosaurus carbonis). Sikonda is a spa resort that belongs to Komló. Its thermal baths was developed around the slightly radioactive and carbonic acid waters discovered in 1928. In 1995 an earlier ruling was confirmed, recognising the therapeutic effects of the thermal waters.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[3]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Komló is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tom Chrystal, Beáta Dósa, Walking in Hungary, Cicerone Press Limited, 2003, p. 192 [1]
  2. ^ http://komlo.ekisterseg.hu/letoltes.php?d_id=4145
  3. ^ Climate Summary for Komló