||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
Front page on 29 December 2010
|Publisher||Izdatelsky Dom Komsomolskaya Pravda|
|Founded||24 May 1925|
|Headquarters||Moscow, Stary Petrovsko-Razumovsky Proezd 1/23, Building 1|
|Circulation||660,000 (March 2008)|
Komsomolskaya Pravda (Russian: Комсомо́льская пра́вда; lit. "Komsomol Truth") is a daily Russian tabloid newspaper, founded on 13 March 1925. It is published by "Izdatelsky Dom Komsomolskaya Pravda" (Komsomolskaya Pravda Publishing House).
During the Soviet era, Komsomolskaya Pravda was the All-Union newspaper of the Soviet Union and an official organ of the Central Committee of the Komsomol. It was established according to the decision of the 13th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (b) and the first issue was published on 24 May 1925, in an edition of 31,000 copies.
Komsomolskaya pravda began as the official organ of the Communist Union of Youth, or Komsomol, the youth wing of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. As such, it targeted the same 14-28 demographic as its parent organization, focusing initially on popular science and adventure articles while teaching the values of the CPSU. During this period, it was twice awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labour, and was also the recipient of the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, and the Order of the Patriotic War.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, on 1 December 1990 the paper shifted from serving as a Komsomol mouthpiece to a Russian nationwide daily tabloid newspaper. During the 1991 August Putsch, the paper was banned by the State Committee of the State of Emergency, or "Gang of Eight," and did not publish from 19–20 August, the first time in its history that it failed to appear on schedule. Nevertheless, on 21 August, the newspaper published the entire chronicle of the coup as a historical document.
It is owned by Media Partner, which in turn is owned by ECN Group, an energy company led by Grigory Berezkin, who has close links to Gazprom. The newspaper reached its highest circulation in 1990, when it sold almost 22 million daily copies. It is the top-selling newspaper in Russia, with daily circulation ranging from 700,000 to 3.1 million. Its March 2008 circulation certified by the NCS was 660,000 copies.
Editors in Chief of "Komsomolskaya Pravda"
The Editors in Chief, in reverse chronological order:
- From 1997 - Vladimir Nikolayevich Sungorkin
- 1995-1997 - Vladimir Petrovich Simonov
- 1988-1995 - Vladislav Aleksandrovich Fronin
- 1981-1988 - Genadiy Nikolayevich Seleznev
- 1978-1980 - Valeriy Nikolayevich Ganichev
- 1973-1978 - Lev Konstantinovich Korneshov
- 1965-1973 - Boris Dmitrevich Pankin
- 1959-1965 - Yuriy Petrovich Voronov
- 1957-1959 - Aleksei Ivanovich Adzhubey
- 1950-1957 - Dmitriy Petrovich Goryunov
- 1948-1950 - Anatoly Blatin
- 1941-1948 - Borish Sergeyevich Burkov
- 1937-1938 - Nikolay Aleksandrovich Mihaylov
- 1932-1937 - Vladimir Mihailovich Bubekin (1904-1937)
- 1925-1928 - Taras Kostrov (Aleksandr Sergeevich Martynovskiy)
In addition to the Russian edition of Komsomolskaya Pravda, which divided into regional editions by cities, there are other editions of the newspaper in CIS countries such as Komsomolskaya Pravda v Ukraine (Ukraine), Komsomolskaya Pravda v Belorussii (Belarus), Komsomolskaya Pravda v Moldove (Moldova). There is also a "European" edition (Komsomolskaya Pravda v Evrope) which is focused on the Russian diaspora in Germany, but can also be found in other EU countries, as well as on the Croatian Adriatic coast, catering to Russian-speaking tourists. A Baltic edition is available in Latvia, Estonia, and Finland.
- "Gazprom Snaps Up Best-Selling Tabloid". The Moscow Times. 22 November 2006. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- Entry on Komsomolskaya Pravda in the 3rd ed. of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
- "The Press in Russia". BBC Monitoring. 16 May 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2008.
- "Main papers". BBC. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Атлас медиаменеджеров - Фронин Владислав Александрович". Медиа Атлас. Retrieved 3 December 2011. (Russian)
- "Лев Константинович Корнешов". Pseudology.org. Retrieved 15 September 2011. (Russian)
- "Владимир Михайлович Бубекин". Pseudology.org. Retrieved 3 December 2011. (Russian)
- Komsomolskaya Pravda Baltiya
- Official website (Russian)
- Baltic edition of the Komsomolskaya Pravda
- Belarussian edition (Russian)
- Ukrainian edition (Russian)
- Moldovan edition (Russian)
- Kazakh edition (Russian)
- Kyrgyz edition (Russian)
- Czech edition of the Komsomolskaya Pravda (Czech)