Konakovo

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Konakovo (English)
Конаково (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Железобетонный мост через реку Донховку. Конаково, Тверская область, Россия..jpg
The Donkhovka River in Konakovo. May 2008.
Map of Russia - Tver Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tver Oblast in Russia
Konakovo is located in Tver Oblast
Konakovo
Konakovo
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Konakovo in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°42′N 36°45′E / 56.700°N 36.750°E / 56.700; 36.750Coordinates: 56°42′N 36°45′E / 56.700°N 36.750°E / 56.700; 36.750
Coat of arms Konakovo (Tver oblast) Russia 2007.png
Flag of Konakovo (Tver oblast) (2010).svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative district Konakovsky District[2]
Urban settlement Konakovo[2]
Administrative center of Konakovsky District,[3] Konakovo Urban Settlement[2]
Municipal status (as of March 2013)
Municipal district Konakovsky Municipal District[4]
Urban settlement Konakovo Urban Settlement[4]
Administrative center of Konakovsky Municipal District,[5] Konakovo Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 41,291 inhabitants[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Selo 1806[8]
Town status since 1937[8]
Previous names Kuznetsovo (until 1930)[9]
Postal code(s)[10] 171250–171256
Dialing code(s) +7 48242[citation needed]
Official website
Konakovo on WikiCommons

Konakovo (Russian: Конаково; IPA: [kənɐˈkovə]) is a town and the administrative center of Konakovsky District in Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of Ivankovo Reservoir (Volga River). Population: 41,291 (2010 Census);[6] 42,335 (2002 Census);[11] 42,522 (1989 Census).[12]

History[edit]

Konakovo Faience Factory

Konakovo was founded in 1806 as the selo of Kuznetsovo.[8] The name originates from the name of one of the owners, certain Kuznetsov. The selo was not doing very well and was almost deserted by the 1820s. In 1826 1828 a faience factory was transferred here from the village of Domkino, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Kuznetsovo. The factory was built by merchant Auerbach in Domkino on the property which belonged to a local landowner, and by 1829 the lease agreement expired and was not extended. In 1826, Auerbach bought all lands in and around Kuznetsovo.[8] In 1870, the factory was build by an industrialist Matvey Kuznetsov (unrelated to Kuznetsov who gave the name to the village) and became known as Kuznetsov Faience Factory. After 1918, the factory was nationalized, and one of its specialization was art production. To this end, it established collaboration with many established Russian artists of the time.[8]

Kuznetsovo belonged to Korchevskoy Uyezd of Tver Governorate.[13] On May 30, 1922 Korchevskoy Uyezd was abolished and merged into Kimrsky Uyezd.[9] On July 14, 1925 Kuznetsovo was granted urban-type settlement status.

On July 12 1929, Tver Governorate was abolished, and the area was transferred to Moscow Oblast.[9] Uyezds were abolished as well, and Kuznetsovsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Korcheva, was established within Kimry Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On February 26, 1930 Kuznetsovo was renamed Konakovo, and Kuznetsovsky District was renamed Konakovsky, to commemorate Porfiry Konakov, a participant of the Revolution of 1905.[9][8] On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Konakovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. In 1937, when the Ivankovo Reservoir was filled, Korcheva was submerged into water. The administrative center of the district was transferred to Konakovo, which was granted town status on March 2, 1937.[13][8] On February 13, 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Konakovsky District was merged into Kalininsky District, but on January  12, 1965 it was re-established.[9] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Konakovo serves as the administrative center of Konakovsky District.[3] As an administrative division, it is, together with six rural localities, incorporated within Konakovsky District as Konakovo Urban Settlement.[2] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Konakovsky Municipal District.[4]

Economy[edit]

Konakovo Power Station

Konakovo Power Station, a thermal power plant, is the biggest enterprise in Konakovsky district. In 2008, it produced over 60% of the GDP of the district.[14]

Transportation[edit]

Konakovo has a railway station, Konakovo GRES railway station. It is connected to the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway by a line which branches off in Reshetnikovo. It is connected by regular passenger suburban service with Moscow.

Konakovo has road connections to Kimry and to Zavidovo, where it has access to the M10 highway, which runs between Moscow and St. Petersburg. There are also local roads with the bus traffic.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Konakovo contains eight cultural heritage monuments of local significance.[15] They include one of the buildings of the faience factory, the complex of Kuznetsov's dacha, as well as monuments to soldiers fallen in World War II and of people killed during the October Revolution and subsequent events.

Konakovo District Museum, located in Konakovo, has exhibitions on the archeology and history of the district.[16]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #34-ZO
  2. ^ a b c d Law #34-ZO stipulates that the borders of the settlements (administrative-territorial divisions) are identical to the borders of the urban and rural settlements (municipal divisions), and that the borders of the administrative districts are identical to the borders of the municipal districts. Law #31-ZO, which describes the borders and the composition of the municipal formations in Konakovsky Municipal District, lists the town of Konakovo as a part and the administrative center of Konakovo Urban Settlement of that district.
  3. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 230», в ред. изменения №234/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 230, as amended by the Amendment #234/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  4. ^ a b c d Law #31-ZO
  5. ^ Law #4-ZO
  6. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "История города Конаково" (in Russian). Konakovo administration website. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "О районе" (in Russian). Konakovsky District Administration. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "Социально-экономическое положение" (in Russian). Konakovsky District Administration. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Конаковский краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №111-ЗО от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #111-ZO of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №31-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Конаковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №8-ЗО от 11 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Конаковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #31-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Konakovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #8-ZO of March 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Konakovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).