Konakovsky District

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Konakovsky District
Конаковский район (Russian)
Tver-oblast-Konakovo.png
Location of Konakovsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°42′N 36°47′E / 56.700°N 36.783°E / 56.700; 36.783Coordinates: 56°42′N 36°47′E / 56.700°N 36.783°E / 56.700; 36.783
Zavidovskaya fine cloth factory in Kozlovo.jpg
A clothing factory in the urban-type settlement of Kozlovo in Konakovsky District
Flag of Konakovsky rayon (Tver oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center town of Konakovo[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
Urban settlements (towns) 1
Urban settlements (urban-type settlements) 5
Rural settlements 10
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 5
Rural localities 181
Municipal structure (as of March 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Konakovsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 6
Rural settlements 10
Statistics
Area 2,114 km2 (816 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 87,125 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 77.7%
- Rural 22.3%
Density 41.21/km2 (106.7/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Official website
Konakovsky District on WikiCommons

Konakovsky District (Russian: Конако́вский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Kimrsky District in the northeast, the town of Dubna, Moscow Oblast, in the east, Dmitrovsky District of Moscow Oblast in the southeast, Klinsky District of Moscow Oblast in the south, Lotoshinsky District of Moscow Oblast in the southwest, and with Kalininsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,114 square kilometers (816 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Konakovo.[1] Population: 87,125 (2010 Census);[5] 49,692 (2002 Census);[8] 55,101 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Konakovo accounts for 47.4% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

Konakovsky District is located at two banks of the Volga River which in the limits of the district is built as the Ivankovo Reservoir. It is elongated from the southwest to northeast, along the Volga, and the total area of the district belongs to its drainage basin. The main tributaries of the Volga within the district are the Soz River (left) and the Shosha River (right). The lower course of the Shosha makes a significant part of the Ivankovo Reservoir. The main tributary of the Shosha within the district is the Lama River (right).

History[edit]

Dmitry Medvedev and Raúl Castro in Zavidovo.

Since the 13th century, the area was a part of Principality of Tver.[10] In the 18th century, the eastern part of the district was included into Moscow Governorate. In 1775 it was transferred to newly established Tver Viceroyalty and since 1781 became a part of Korchevskoy Uyezd.[10] In 1796, the Viceroyalty was abolished and transformed into Tver Governorate.[11] The uyezd center was located in the town of Korcheva, located in the current area of the district.[10] On May 30, 1922 Korchevskoy Uyezd was abolished and merged into Kimrsky Uyezd.[12]

The western part of the district belonged to Klinsky Uyezd of Moscow Governorate.[13]

On July 12 1929, Moscow and Tver Governorates was abolished, and the area was transferred to Moscow Oblast.[12] Uyezds were abolished as well, and Kuznetsovsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Korcheva, was established within Kimry Okrug of Moscow Oblast.[14] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On February 26, 1930 the urban-type settlement of Kuznetsovo was renamed Konakovo, and Kuznetsovsky District was renamed Konakovsky.[12] On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Konakovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. In 1937, when the Ivankovo Reservoir was filled, Korcheva was submerged into water. The administrative center of the district was transferred to Konakovo, which was granted town status.[10][14] In 1941, during World War II, the western part of the disctrict was occupied by German troops. On February 13, 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Konakovsky District was merged into Kalininsky District, but on January  12, 1965 it was re-established.[12] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

On July 12, 1929 Zavidovsky District with the administrative center in the urban-type settlement of Novozavidovsky was created as well. It was a part of Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 1, 1936 it was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On November 14, 1960 the district was abolished and merged into Konakovsky District.[12]

On September 8, 1937 Orshinsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Rozhdestveno was established in the area which previously belonged to Konakovsky and Zavidovsky Districts. On October 22, 1959 the district was abolished and split between Konakovsky, Kalininsky, and Goritsky Districts.[12]

In Zavidovo, a hunting ground was established in the 1960s for use by VIps, including the heads of state. Since 1996, Zavidovo has a status of one of the official residences of the President of Russia.

Economy[edit]

Konakovo Power Station, a thermal power plant, is the biggest enterprise in the district. In 2008, it produced over 60% of the GDP of the district.[15]

Industry[edit]

The district is industrialized and is the third in Tver Oblast in terms of the industrial production, behind the city of Tver and Udomelsky District. Some of the big enterprises include a mechanical plant producing cranes and specialized trucks in the urban-type settlement of Novozavidovsky and a construction industry plant in the urban-type settlement of Izoplit.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specializations of agriculture in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, poultry production, vegetables growing, fur production, fish farming, and fishery.[15]

Transportation[edit]

Konakovsky Mokh railway station.

The Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway crosses the district from south to north. In particular, it crosses the Ivankovo Reservoir over a dam. The principal stations within the district are Zavidovo (in the urban-type settlement of Novozavidovsky) and Redkino. All stations and platforms on this line within the district are on the Leningradsky suburban direction of Oktyabrskaya Railway and are connected by regular passenger suburban service with both Moscow (Leningradsky railway station) and Tver. Additionally, in Reshetnikovo a railway line to Konakovo branches off. Konakovo (Konakovo GRES) is connected by regular passenger suburban service with Moscow as well.

The M10 highway, which connects Moscow and St. Petersburg, crosses the district from southeast to northwest. In Zavidovo, a road branches off east, and proceeds to Konakovo and Kimry. There are also local roads with the bus traffic.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos in Gorodnya (around 1340) is the oldest building in Tver Oblast.

The district contains four cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally eighty-one objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance (eight of them located in Konakovo). The federal monuments are the ensemble of the travel palace and the Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos in the selo of Gorodnya, the Poroshin House in the selo of Zavidovo, as well as a monument commemorating the Kalinin Front active during World War II.[16]

Konakovo District Museum, located in Konakovo, has exhibitions on the archeology and history of the district.[17] The Memorial Museum of Spiridon Drozhzhin is open in the urban-type settlement of Novozavidovsky. The house where Drozhzhin, a poet who lived in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, built this house in the village of Nizovka, which was later submerged by water at the construction of the Ivankovo Reservoir. The house was transferred to Novozavidovsky and open as a museum. It was considerably damaged during World War II and restored later. It currently exhibits personal belongings of Drozhzhin and shows an exposition on his life.[18]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 230», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 230, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  3. ^ Law #31-ZO
  4. ^ a b Геграфическое положение (in Russian). Administration of Konakovsky District. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d О районе (in Russian). Konakovsky District Administration. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  11. ^ Российская империя: административно-территориальное деление (1708–1917): Тверская губерния (in Russian). Russian National Library. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Петропавловский, Б.И. Конаково и Конаковский район (in Russian). Tver Oblast Library. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  14. ^ a b История города Конаково (in Russian). Konakovo administration website. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c Социально-экономическое положение (in Russian). Konakovsky District Administration. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  17. ^ Конаковский краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  18. ^ Дом-музей С.Д.Дрожжина (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №31-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Конаковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №8-ЗО от 11 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Конаковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #31-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Konakovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #8-ZO of March 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Konakovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).