Kondoa Town is the district capital of Kondoa District. The local government buildings were mostly built during the German colonization. The town also has a district hospital, three O-Level Secondary schools, one A-Level school for girls, and an agricultural college. There is also a teachers' training college called Bustani (garden in Kiswahili) College. There is a local bank branch.
The climate is semi-arid. The rainy season is from late December to mid March, and receives little to no precipitation the rest of the year. The weather is mostly hot. The town has a hot spring that provides drinking water for many inhabitants. There is also a river that runs through the town, though in the dry months there is almost no water above ground. There is a good bridge over the river. The Irangi tribe is the most populous ethnic group in Kondoa, and their native language is Kirangi. As it was a stop on an ancient caravan road, Kondoa has a sizeable non-Irangi minority.
The town is about 70% Muslim and 30% Christian, with aboriginal religions virtually extinct. Relations between religious groups are good.
- "2002 Population and Housing Census General Report" (in English). Government of Tanzania. Retrieved 2008-11-01.[dead link]
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