Kongu Vellalar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kongu Vellalar
Classification Backward Class
Religions Hinduism
Country India
Original state Tamil Nadu
Populated States major populace in Tamil Nadu, minor populations in Puducherry, Karnataka, Kerala, U.K., U.S.A. and others[1]
Region Tamil Nadu
Related groups Vellalar, Tamil people, Dravidian people

Kongu Vellalars, sometimes referred to simply as Gounder, are a community from the western region of Tamil Nadu, which is known as Kongu Nadu. It also refers to the title or surname used by the Vellalar community from the region. Kongu Vellala Gounders were classified as a Forward Caste at the time of Indian independence but they successfully requested to be reclassified as a Backward Class in 1975.[2] The Vellalars of Kongu region came to be known as Kongu Vellalar or Gounder, though both the names have also been treated separately in some regions.[3]

The community plays a significant role in the political and economic life of the Kongu Nadu region.[4][5] Among them are businessmen who figure among the global leaders in several industrial sectors.[6]