Koniuji Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Koniuji Island is located in Alaska
Koniuji Island
Magnify-clip.png
Location in Alaska
Nautical Chart of Kaniuji Island
Kaniuji Island, July 2008

Koniuji Island (Aleut: Tanĝimax[1]) is one of the Andreanof Islands subgroup of the Aleutian Islands of southwestern Alaska, USA. It lies northwest of Atka Island and east of Kasatochi Island. Koniuji Island has a land area of 0.37 sq mi (0.95 km² or 236 acres) and is uninhabited.

On all sides of Koniuji Island except the south and southeast, the shoreline is sheer and precipitous, rising to two sharp summits of 896 feet and 790 feet. The south side of the island, above lower bluffs at the shore, slopes gradually to a ridge about 0.2 mile N and drops off again into a ravine that passes through the island at some elevation. The slope up from the south side is grass covered. The northwest end of the island is a low, flat, rocky point about 200 yards long. An extensive kelp patch extends from the south of the island. Also, in the summer, heavy kelp is found along and well off the western shore.

Compass reading differences of as much as 10° from the normal variation have been observed on Koniuji Island and as much as 7° at a distance of 2 miles in all directions around the island.[2]

Koniuji Island is emergent top of a mostly submarine volcano. Little is known of the geologic history of this volcano. Reports of eruptive activity may be erroneous and are considered to refer to eruptions of Kasatochi volcano to the west.[3]

Koniuji Island provides nesting habitat for close to 300,000 seabirds. Around 70% are Fork-tailed Storm-petrels and 17% are Leach's Storm-petrel. There are also large numbers of the Ancient Murrelet and the Whiskered Auklet that nest on Koniuji. These four species breed on Koniuji Island in numbers that exceed 1% of their total global populations.[4]

A 1998 survey found these birds on Koniuji during the breeding season:

Glaucous-winged Gull 300
Black-legged Kittiwake 2,246
Red-legged Kittiwake 28
Common Murre 449
Thick-billed Murre 1,299
Pigeon Guillemot 62
Ancient Murrelet 10,000
Parakeet Auklet 300
Crested Auklet 300
Whiskered Auklet 200
Least Auklet 2,000
Horned Puffin 200
Tufted Puffin 20,000
Leach's Storm-Petrel 50,000
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel 200,000

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°13′20″N 175°07′55″W / 52.22222°N 175.13194°W / 52.22222; -175.13194