Konnagar

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Konnagar
কোন্নগর
Konnagore
City
Konnagar is located in West Bengal
Konnagar
Konnagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°42′N 88°21′E / 22.7°N 88.35°E / 22.7; 88.35Coordinates: 22°42′N 88°21′E / 22.7°N 88.35°E / 22.7; 88.35
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hugli/ Hooghly
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total 76,082
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712235
Telephone code 033-2674
Lok Sabha constituency Sreerampur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Uttarpara
Website www.konnagarmunicipality.org

Konnagar is a city and a municipality in Hooghly District in the state of West Bengal, India. There are 20 wards in the Konnagar Municipal Area. It is under Uttarpara police station in Serampore subdivision.[1] It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.[2] Konnagar is under the Serampur Loksabha Kendra and Uttarpara Bidhansava Kendra.

History[edit]

It was a small town that grew to be a town in the 19th century. Shib Chandra Deb, the renowned Derozian sasasas and Brahmo leader, contributed substantially towards development of Konnagar. A pioneer in women's emancipation, he assisted in the development of schools in the area. The railway station was opened in 1856 and the post office in 1858.

In 1931, Tomas Bata, the Czech shoe tycoon, established his first Indian operation at Konnagar. By 1936, the Konnagar plan was phased out. In May 1931, Tomas sold his business interests to his brother Jan Antonin Bata who established Batanagar, Bata's first permanent shoe factory in India. The Bata brand was established on August 24, 1894 in Zlín, Czech Republic. The company first established itself in India in 1931 by renting a building to start an experimental shoe production plant in Konnagar, West Bengal with 75 Czech experts. Though it was under Jan Antonin Bata administration that designed, developed and built the industrial city called Batanagar in 1934. Jan Bata also build factories in Digha near Patna, and elsewhere in India, employing more than 7,000 people. Batanagar, under Jan Bata's ideals became one of the bigger sub-urban towns near Kolkata.

The Sens of Konnagar are also very famous for their contribution to the cultural growth in the place. They were the zamindars till late 19th century, but slowly with the British rule coming to an end, the zamindari rules also collapsed. Konnagar has been the home of many notable personalities. It was the ancestral home of the great nationalist and religious leader Sri Aurobindo[1] and noted physicist Sisir Kumar Mitra. [2] Shafiur Rahman one of the martyrs of the language movement in East Pakistan was born in Konnagar. [3]

The town had been visited by the greats like Tagore, Mahasweta Devi and many others. Tagore was believed to be just a child when he and his family came to this town to escape the onslaught of Dengue which hit Kolkata.He revisited the town again when he was 19. He came to visit the Brahmasomaj Ghat along with his father Maharshi Debendranath. Shibram Chakrabarty used to live here for a brief period of time in his childhood near G.T.Road beside Konnagar High School.Sri Aurobindo's father and famous Indian geographer Shashi Bhusan Chatterjee happened to be a pupil of Konnagar High School established in the 19th century.And the town though got recognition chiefly due to the initiatives of Sib Chandra Deb, its antiquity can hardly be denied. Its reference is there even in the 500 years old Mangal Kabyo.

Konnagar is well known for its Shakuntala Kali Temple. This temple is considered to be very sacred and people from various parts of West Bengal pay a visit. This is a Puja that was started by the Chakraborty Bari Zamindars and today it has become an important event in Konnagar's calendar. The annual Puja is held in the Bengali calendar month of Boisakh (April). A very interesting fact about this Puja is that the idol is completed on the day of Puja itself. There are grand Fairs organized on the grounds adjacent to the temple.

The Crowds that Visit Konnagar During Shakuntala Kali Puja

Apart from this Puja, there is another important puja in this small city. Rajrajeshwari Puja has been organized in Konnagar for over 300 years now. It is held on the eve of Maghi Purnima (February).

The town is known for quality sweets, musical excellence and dense population.

Geography[edit]

Konnagar Ferry Ghat which connects Konnagar to Sodepur

Konnagar is located at 22°42′N 88°21′E / 22.7°N 88.35°E / 22.7; 88.35. It has an average elevation of 14 metres (45 feet).Konanagar is positioned between Rishra and Hindmotor on the Howrah-Bardhaman Main Line and Grand Trunk Road. It is located on the west bank of the River Hooghly. Approximate area is 4.32 km2.

West side of the Konnagar railway station is called Nabagram. Most of the population in Nabagram is migrated from East Bengal. Being situated only 13.5 km from the heart of Kolkata the area enjoys semi urban status. Konnagar has an extensive fruit and vegetable market which is visited by people from the nearby areas. The market is famous for its affordable prices. Konnagar is filled with many cultural clubs. It is a culturally rich town.

Konnagar is also the place of the famous Kalitala and Baro Mandir & Shankaracharya Temple. Baro Mandir (Twelve Temples)was built in 1821 near the Ganges river.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[3] Konnagar had a population of 80,000. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Konnagar has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 77%. In Konnagar, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. A Book fair and Industrial Fair is also held every year by the Municipality.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

  • Anandam Nursery and Primary School
  • Konnagar High School
  • Konnagar Hindu Balika Vidyalaya
  • Study Mission
  • Holy Mission
  • Ashalata Balika Vidyalaya
  • Konnagar Rajendra Smriti Vidyalaya
  • Konnagar Sri Aurobindo Vidyapith
  • Somendranath Mallick Madhyamik Vidyalaya
  • Xavier's English School[citation needed]
  • Nabagram High School
  • Shishu Bharati School
  • Nabagram Vidyapith
  • Nabagram Hiralal Paul College
  • Nabagram Hiralal Paul Balika Vidyalaya
  • Kanaipur Boys School
  • Kanaipur Girls School
  • Mother International School
  • Glenhill School
  • Konnagar Saradamani Sikhska Sadan
  • Konnagar Shiv Chandra Shiksha Bhavan
  • Konnagar Shantilata Shiksha Bhavan
  • Konnagar Sishu Siksha Niketan
  • Subhra Shaliendra smriti Niketan
  • Bodhodoy Primary School-Arabindo Road
  • Kisalaya Primary School
  • Seraphim Nursery
  • Nandonik Primary School
  • Nandan Primary school
  • Mother International School
  • George School of Law
  • Techno India Group Public School (Konnagar Branch).
  • Konnagar Public Library and free reading room
  • Nabagram Text Book Library
  • Hanafi Library
  • Eurokids Nursery School
  • Kidzee Nursery School
  • Kids' zone Nursery School
  • Little Laureate Nursery School
  • Moonlight Model School

Culture[edit]

To accommodate the cultural events in Konnagar, the Municipality erected an auditorium "Rabindra Bhavan". This auditorium was built under supervision of the then Chairman of Konnagar Municipality, Samir Bandyopadhyay and his group of advisers such as Bireswar Bandyopadhay, Bishnupada Dutta and other renowned cultural personalities from Konnagar. Rabindra Bhavan is now rented for conducting school programs, other cultural activities. Recently a bust of Shibchandra Deb, the founder of modern Konnagar, has been unveiled.[citation needed]

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns
  2. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metroploitan area". Kolkata Metroploitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]