Konotop

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Konotop (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°13′N 33°12′E / 51.217°N 33.200°E / 51.217; 33.200

Konotop
Конотоп
Flag of Konotop
Flag
Official seal of Konotop
Seal
Location of Konotop
Coordinates: 51°13′N 33°12′E / 51.217°N 33.200°E / 51.217; 33.200
Country Ukraine
Oblast Sumy
Founded 1635
Area
 • Total 103 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation 171 m (561 ft)
Population (December 1, 2013)
 • Total 92,687
Website http://www.konotop-rada.gov.ua/

Konotop (Ukrainian: Конотоп, Ukrainian pronunciation: [konoˈtɔp]) is a city in northern Ukraine within the Sumy Oblast. Konotop is the center of the Konotop Raion (district), and is located about 129 km from Sumy, the Oblast capital. It is host to Konotop air base.

History[edit]

During the beginning of the 17th Century, Ukrainian Cossacks were first based in that area. The settlement was first mentioned in 1635 in various documents as Novoselitsa. In 1642 a Polish fortress was built in that place named after the river Konotopka. Probably the river disappeared, and another one was created, Yezuch. The fortification became a key point in the struggle against the Moscow state. Some historians suppose that Konotop was inhabited even before the Tatar-Mongolian invasion.[citation needed]

In 1659 the Battle of Konotop took place near the city, in which Ukrainian Cossacks led by Ivan Vyhovsky (allied with Poles and Crimean Tatars) defeated Muscovite forces. In 1782 Konotop was granted municipal rights.

During World War II, Konotop was occupied by the German Army from 3 September 1941 to 6 September 1943.

Economy and Transport[edit]

Konotop is an important mechanical engineering center, food production center, and an important transportation center. Various railroad connections from Konotop are: MoscowKiev, SimferopolMinsk, BakhmachKiev, BryanskSumy/Belgrade. It is the smallest city in the country with its own tram system.

External links[edit]