Konstantin von Benckendorff
Konstantin von Benckendorff (Russian: Константин Христофорович Бенкендорф, Konstantin Khristoforovich Benkendorf, January 31, 1785 – August 6, 1828) was a Russian general and diplomat. His brother Alexander von Benckendorff (1783-1844) was also a general and statesman, and his sister Dorothea von Lieven was a political force famous at London, St. Petersburg, and Paris.
Benckendorff was born to a Baltic German family in Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia). Trained as a diplomat, he joined the army to take part in the concluding stages of the Napoleonic wars, specifically in the taking of Kassel, Fulda, Hanau, Rheims, and Soissons. After the war, Benckendorff returned to diplomacy.
Five years later, he was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to Baden and Stuttgart. With the outbreak of the Russo-Persian War he returned to Russia, captured Echmiadzin and routed the Kurds near Erivan. He then crossed the Araks River and defeated the Persian cavalry. Benckendorff died of a fever that swept through the Russian army at the beginning of the Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829.
Honours and awards
- Order of St. Anna
- 2nd class, with diamonds - 1812
- 1st class - 17 April 1823
- Diamonds added to 1st class - 16 February 1824
- Order of St. George
- 4th class - 8 February 1813
- 3rd class - 10 September 1815
- Order of St. Vladimir
- 4th class - 25 January 1812
- 3rd class - 18 September 1813
- 2nd class - 22 July 1827
- Order of the Red Eagle, 2nd class (Prussia)
- Knight First Class of the Order of the Sword (Sweden)
- Knight of the Military Order of Max Joseph (Bavaria)
- Imperial Order of Leopold (Austria)
- Golden Sword with the inscription "For Bravery", with diamonds, twice (1814 and 1 January 1828)
- Silver medal "In memory of the War of 1812"
- (Russian) Biography
- Judith Lissauer Cromwell, "Dorothea Lieven: A Russian Princess in London and Paris, 1785-1857" (McFarland & Co. 2007) ISBN 0-7864-2651-9