Konstanz station

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Konstanz station
Entrance building from the street
Operations
Category 3
DS100 code RKO
Station code 3363
Construction and location
Opened 1863
Style of architecture Gothic and Renaissance
Architect H. Leonhardt
Location Konstanz
State Baden-Württemberg
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
47°39′32″N 9°10′38″E / 47.658765°N 9.177167°E / 47.658765; 9.177167Coordinates: 47°39′32″N 9°10′38″E / 47.658765°N 9.177167°E / 47.658765; 9.177167
Route information
List of railway stations in Baden-Württemberg

Konstanz station is the largest passenger station in the German city of Konstanz. It is served by regional and long distance services operated by Deutsche Bahn and Swiss Federal Railways. It is the end of the Upper Rhine Railway and the beginning of the Etzwilen–Konstanz line.

History[edit]

The station was opened to traffic 15 June 1863 with the opening of the last section of the Upper Rhine Railway between Waldshut and Konstanz by the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railway. The link to Switzerland was opened in 1871, when the Swiss Northeastern Railway (German: Schweizerische Nordostbahn, NOB) opened the line between Romanshorn and Konstanz, now part of the Seelinie ("Lake line"). On 17 July 1875 this was followed by the building of the Etzwilen–Konstanz line, together with the Kreuzlingen–Kreuzlingen harbour connecting line, by the Swiss National Railway (Schweizerische Nationalbahn, SNB).[1] After the SNB went bankrupt in 1878, its tracks were taken over by the NOB. In 1902, the NOB was absorbed in the newly created SBB.

In 1911, the Mittelthurgau-Bahn (MThB) opened a line from Kreuzlingen via Berg and Weinfelden to Wil. From the beginning, services from Kreuzlingen ran on the former SBB line through Konstanz to connect with the German rail network. It was served by the S-Bahn-like Seehas (named after a mythical "lake hare") service developed by the MThB over the Upper Rhine Railway to Engen. In 2002, the MThB fell into financial difficulties and was subsequently liquidated. Since then, subsidiaries of SBB have operated its services: SBB GmbH between Konstanz and Engen and THURBO between Konstanz and Weinfelden/Wil.

Architecture[edit]

The station is located on the shore. The station building was built in 1863 in Gothic and Renaissance styles, modelled on the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence. North of the entrance building was the Fürstenbahnhof ("princes’ station building"), a pavilion, which now serves as a shopping centre.

The station has three tracks: a “home” platform (next to the entrance building) and a central island platform. To reach the central platform, tracks 2 and 1 must be crossed on the level. This crossing is protected by a barrier. At the northern end, there is also a tunnel that connects the platforms on one side to the city centre and on the other side to the port. In addition, there are two walkways and a shopping centre leading to the lake.

Structural condition[edit]

In the past, Konstanz had a reputation as a "grubby" station, as it was rundown and inefficient.[2] The last major work on the station had been the renovation of the bell tower carried out between 1975 and 1983. As part of the economic stimulus program the entrance building is being rehabilitated with energy-saving measures. The waiting area is also being made more attractive.

Border station[edit]

Konstanz has the function of a border station. Before November 2008, when Switzerland became a party to the Schengen Agreement, the central platform was separated by a chain-link fence. Long-distance trains to and from Switzerland stopped on platform 3. The station building also has two sections for the German and Swiss railways. The German part is still operated by Deutsche Bahn and the Swiss part by Thurbo (formerly Mittelthurgaubahn). Travellers to the Swiss section of the station before 2008 had to pass through a customs inspection to get to the platforms.

Traffic[edit]

Long distance[edit]

Deutsche Bahn[edit]

Looking over the tracks to the north

Deutsche Bahn operates only a few long-distance trains from Konstanz. A daily pair of InterCity trains runs to Hamburg, continuing in the summer months to Stralsund. On the weekend a pair of trains operates to Emden.

Line Route Frequency
IC 26 KonstanzSingen (Hohentwiel)OffenburgKarlsruheHeidelbergDarmstadtFrankfurt am MainGießenKasselGöttingenHanoverHamburgSchwerinRostockStralsundGreifswald Operates daily, sometimes extended to Hanover or Stralsund
IC 35 Emden HbfMünster HbfDuisburgKölnBonnKoblenzMannheim– Karlsruhe – Offenburg – Konstanz One train each weekend

SBB[edit]

13 times a day InterRegio trains run from Biel to Konstanz, which also stop at Zurich Hauptbahnhof and Zurich airport. Until the new 2008 timetable, these trains were composed of ICN tilting electrical multiple units.

Regional transport[edit]

Deutsche Bahn[edit]

Konstanz is served every two hours by Interregio-Express and Regional-Express trains on the Black Forest Railway, making in combination an hourly service. They are interrupted only by an InterCity service to Stralsund, which replaces one of the regional trains.

SBB[edit]

The SBB and its subsidiaries SBB GmbH, which has its head office in Konstanz, and Thurbo operate the following three services from Konstanz:

  • R: Konstanz–Kreuzlingen (SBB GmbH)
  • R: Konstanz–Kreuzlingen–Berg–Weinfelden (Thurbo)
  • R: Konstanz–Radolfzell–Singen–Engen (Seehas) (SBB GmbH)

Other public transport[edit]

The bus stop at the station is served by city bus lines 1, 2, 3, 4, 908, 9A/B, 12, 13 and 14. The nearby Marktstätte bus stop is served by lines 5, 6 and 908 (towards Landschlacht). Regional bus services are operated by the express buses of the RAB to Ravensburg and Friedrichshafen. Some buses of the SBG operate to Allensbach and Radolfzell. Catamaran services also run every hour to Friedrichshafen from the port near the station.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Schienennetz Schweiz" (in German). Bern: Generalsekretariat SBB. 1980. 
  2. ^ "Konstanzer Schmuddelbahnhof nach dem Vorbild des „Pallazzo Vecchio“ gebaut". Bodensee-Woche (in German). Retrieved 10 May 2011. 

External links[edit]