||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2010)|
|Chairman of Straits Exchange Foundation|
21 November 1990 – 3 January 2005
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Johnnason Liu (acting)
6 January 1917|
Taichung, Taiwan, Empire of Japan
|Died||3 January 2005
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Alma mater||Taihoku Imperial University|
Koo Chen-fu (Chinese: 辜振甫; pinyin: Gū Zhènfǔ, 6 January 1917 – 3 January 2005) was a Taiwanese businessman and diplomat. He led the Koos Group of companies from 1940 until his death. As a chairman of the Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF), Koo arranged the first direct talks between Taiwan and China since 1949 and served as Taiwan's negotiator in both the 1993 and 1998 Wang-Koo summit.
Born in northern Taiwan into a wealthy family headed by his father Koo Hsien-jung, Koo attended Taihoku Imperial University (now National Taiwan University). He inherited a substantial fortune and a business when his father Koo Hsien-jung died in 1937 while Koo was only a sophomore. Koo graduated in 1940 and pursued a graduate degree in Japan.
Koo was jailed in 1946 for 19 months on treason charges for helping Japanese. After his release, he took refuge in Hong Kong and only returned to Taiwan in 1949 to marry his wife, Cecilia Koo. He focused on running Koos Group as well as on his political career that led to his elevation to the central committee of Kuomintang.
Koo became chairman of the Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF) in 1991. On 16 December 1991, a little over ten months after the establishment of the SEF, the authorities of People's Republic of China (PRC) set up the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS), with Wang Daohan as its chairman. The following year Koo and Wang held preliminary talks in Hong Kong that resulted in the so-called "1992 Consensus" and facilitated negotiations of practical matters. However, the content and the existence of this "1992 consensus" is widely disputed. In 2001, Koo publicly affirmed that the meeting did not result in a consensus on the issue of "one-China." In April 1993, Koo and Wang met in Singapore to hold the first formal discussions between Taipei and Beijing since 1949. The two met again in Shanghai in 1998. On 18 October 1998, Koo met PRC President Jiang Zemin in Beijing, in what was then the highest-level talks yet held between the two sides. The talks were called off by Beijing in 1999 after ROC President Lee Teng-hui proposed his two-states theory.
Koo Chen-fu died of renal cancer on the morning of 3 January 2005 at the age of 87.
- "SEF Milestones". Straits Exchange Foundation. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
November 21, 1990: The Board of Directors and Supervisory Board hold their first meetings. The boards approve the "Donation and Organization Articles of the Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF)" and elect Koo Chen-fu as chairman and Sun Yun-suan as honorary chairman.
- Yeh, Lindy (April 15, 2002). "The Koo family: a century in Taiwan". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Reyes, Alejandro (October 3, 1998). "Tycoon and statesman: Koo has excelled in many roles". Asiaweek.
- Chen, Melody (January 4, 2005). "Koo Chen-fu, 88, dies of kidney cancer". Taipei Times. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Su, Joy (January 4, 2005). "Koo one of the nation's most important figures". Taipei Times.
- "Gaps remain between China and Taiwan". BBC News. October 18, 1998. A report on the 1998 talks.
|New title||President of the Straits Exchange Foundation