Koolyanobbing, Western Australia

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Koolyanobbing
Western Australia
Koolyanobbing is located in Western Australia
Koolyanobbing
Koolyanobbing
Coordinates 30°49′S 119°31′E / 30.82°S 119.52°E / -30.82; 119.52Coordinates: 30°49′S 119°31′E / 30.82°S 119.52°E / -30.82; 119.52
Population 258 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 1965
Postcode(s) 6427
Elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Yilgarn
State electorate(s) Eyre
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Koolyanobbing is located 54 km NNE of the town of Southern Cross, Western Australia. Iron ore is mined here by a subsidiary of Cliffs Natural Resources of Cleveland, Ohio. Ore is railed to port at Esperance for export. The current operations commenced in 1993.

The first European to visit the area was Charles Cooke Hunt in 1864 who explored the Koolyanobbing range that is situated nearby.

The next European to visit the area, in 1887 and later in 1891, was a gold prospector named Henry Dowd, who thought that the rocks in the area were of no value. He recorded his findings and stored them in a bottle that was buried next to a survey peg and which was found again in 1963 at what is now known as Dowd Hill.[2]

The town was established to service a new iron ore mine in the 1960s at Dowd Hill. The town was gazetted in 1965.[3] The former Eastern Goldfields railway between Southern Cross and Kalgoorlie was realigned for change to standard gauge, and to service the Koolyanobbing mine [4]

The name is of local Aboriginal origin, meaning "place of large rocks".[5]

Dampier Mining Co Ltd, a subsidiary of The Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited (BHP), mined iron ore between 1967 and 1983. Ore was shipped by rail to Kwinana, near Perth, to supply Australian Iron and Steel's (also BHP) blast furnace. The closure of the Kwinana blast furnace in 1982 resulted in suspension of iron ore mining at Koolyanobbing until 1993.

WA Salt Supply produces salt at Lake Deborah, 20 km to the north, which is railed from Koolyanobbing to Kwinana.[6]

The Koolyanobbing Range supports many endemic, priority and one declared rare flora species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Koolyanobbing (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  2. ^ "Shire of Yilgarn - Tourism - Koolyanobbing". 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  3. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  4. ^ Western Australian Government Railways Commission. Railway Standardisation Agreement (Western Australia) no. 67 of 1961. Matters involving variation of the Agreement and requiring Commonwealth approval as at 10 August 1963. This variation to contract resulted in a route change that took the Standard gauge railway from Kalgoorlie to Perth via Koolyanobbing then Southern Cross. http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2269846~S2
  5. ^ Boyle, Bronwyn, "Do or die for Koolyanobbing", The Wheatbelt Mercury, 27 November 1991, p. 12-13
  6. ^ "WA Salt Supply". Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
Preceding station   Transwa Trains network   Following station
towards East Perth
Prospector
towards Kalgoorlie