|• Municipal Chairman||
Mr. Jayaraj B.ComVice Chairman L.M. Hajee Mohamed Ashraf
|• Total||12.31 km2 (4.75 sq mi)|
|• Density||8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Koothanallur, a small village started from the Turkic colonization, Koothanallur derives its name from two cultivator-brothers called Younger Koothan and Elder Koothan who are believed to have been the original settlers in the patch of wet lands some 800 years ago. "Nallur" denotes the welfare status of the village those days. The present Koothanallur is a municipal town of 12.31 square kilometres in area, lying on the route between Mannargudi and Tiruvarur of old East Tanjore District, some 350 kilometres south east of Chennai. It is populated predominantly by Muslim community. River Vennar, which flows through the heart of the town, keeps the soil most fertile. The history began when Turkish traders and missionaries settled in Koothanallur and build a first mosque in Big Street in 12th century.
The residents of Koothanallur, Podakkudi and Attikadai were very well known for their cleanliness and beauty because they were the descendent of Sultanate of Rum (Rome). Koothanallur ancestors known came from Turkey, Greek, Albania and Arab Bedouin, none of them was known converted from Hindu to Islam. Most of them had fair complexion but the dark complexion ones was the Bedouin generation. A written rock in Turkish language was found at the wall of Chinnapalli and Big Mosque. The entire islamic community in Koothanallur practices Fassiya branch of the Shadhiliyya Sufi order.
Koothanallur’s Big mosque and Chinnapalli Mosque shares similar architectures in Turkey. Nevertheless, Turkish in Koothanallur was different from Mamluk Dynasty (Delhi Sultanate/ Alaudin Khilji) who attacked the area of Tamil Nadu. Delhi Sultanate was the army of Monghul who invaded Madurai and the neighbouring area.
Koothanallur Selection Grade Town Panchayat was declared as grade III Municipality vide G.O.Ms.No.97, Municipal Administration and Water Supply Department dated 24.03.1994. This Municipality situated within 30-Nagappattinam Lok Sabah Constituency and within the Thiruvarur Legislative Assembly Constituency. The total extent of the municipality is 12.31 square kilometres comprising four revenue villages.
This municipality was upgraded as a 2nd Grade Municipality with effect from 1 April 1998 as per G.O.Ms.No.85, Municipal Administration and Water Supply Department, dated 22 May 1998. This municipality was divided into 24 wards for the constitution of Municipal Council. To Reach Koothanallur In between Tiruvarur to Mannargudi Bus Route 16 km from Tiruvarur and 11 km. from Mannargudi.
As of the census of India 2001, Koothanallur had a population of 22,995 comprising 10,846 males and 12,149 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,120. A total of 3,054 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 1,021. The town had an average literacy of 83.64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 5,170 comprising 25.93% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 77 comprising 0.39% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 4,946 households in the town. As of 2001, Koothanallur had a total of 5,763 main workers: 213 cultivators, 1,790 agricultural labourers, 111 in house hold industries and 3,649 other workers. There was a total of 936 marginal workers: 48 marginal cultivators, 662 marginal agricultural labourers, 15 marginal workers in household industries and 211 other marginal workers.
- "Primary census abstract 2001". Directorate of Census Operations – Tamil Nadu. 2001. Retrieved 2012-12-29.