Kopé Tiatie Cac

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Kopé Tiatie Cac[1][2] (in Ndut language, meaning god grandfather or god the grandfather) variations : Koh[3] or Koope,[4] is a deity in the Serer religion.[1][2] Kopé Tiatie Cac is the name used by the Ndut people (a subgroup of the Serer people of Senegal, Gambian and Mauritania) to refer to the supreme being.[1][2] Among the Ndut and followers of Serer religion, Kopé Tiatie Cac is associated with death[3] and plague (pisti).[5]

Ndut Cosmogony[edit]

Main article: Serer creation myth

The Ndut people who adhere to the tenets of Serer religion refer to the supreme deity as Kopé Tiatie Cac in Cangin-Ndut.[1] The name Kopé Tiatie Cac probably derived from the deity Koox (var : Kooh). Ndut cosmogony posits that, the first humans did not die. The human species were not meant to die following the initial creation.[3] The dog was the first to die at that primordial time. Having witnessed the death of the animal, the Ndut people gave the animal a sacred burial at the foot of a baobab tree, and mourned its death. The women crying and wailing in sadness for the departed dog, attracted the attention of Kopé Tiatie Cac (or Koh) God of death. The deity angered by the mourning women unleashed death to human kind in the following terms :

Worship[edit]

Main articles: Serer religion and Ndut people
See also: Saafi people

The deity is worshipped through Serer ancestral spirits and saints (i.e. the Pangool). Various matrilineages (both on the paternal and maternal line) play a key role in its evokation.[6] The name koh a variant of the deity' name, is the femine form. The masculine form is ala.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (French) Ndiaye, Ousmane Sémou, "Diversité et unicité sérères : l’exemple de la région de Thiès", Éthiopiques, no. 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 [1]
  2. ^ a b c (French) Éthiopiques, "Issues 55-56", Fondation Léopold Sédar Senghor, (1991), p 124
  3. ^ a b c d (French) Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", p 86 [2]
  4. ^ (French) Dupire, Marguerite, "Totems sereer et contrôle rituel de l'environnement", p 39 [3]
  5. ^ (English) Echenberg, Myron J., "Black death, white medicine: bubonic plague and the politics of public health in colonial Senegal, 1914-1945", Heinemann (2002), pp 139, 160-161, ISBN 0325070172
  6. ^ a b (French) Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", p 61 [4]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut", KARTHALA Editions, (1994), pp 61–86, ISBN 2865374874 [5]
  • Ndiaye, Ousmane Sémou, "Diversité et unicité sérères : l’exemple de la région de Thiès", Éthiopiques, no. 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 [6]
  • Éthiopiques, "Issues 55-56", Fondation Léopold Sédar Senghor, (1991), p 124
  • Echenberg, Myron J., "Black death, white medicine: bubonic plague and the politics of public health in colonial Senegal, 1914-1945", Heinemann (2002), pp 139, 160-161, ISBN 0325070172
  • Dupire, Marguerite, "Totems sereer et contrôle rituel de l'environnement", p 39 (French) [7]

Further reading[edit]