Koprivnica-Križevci County

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Koprivnica-Križevci County
Koprivničko-križevačka županija
County
Coat of arms of Koprivnica-Križevci County
Coat of arms
Koprivnica-Križevci County (light orange) within Croatia (light yellow)
Koprivnica-Križevci County (light orange)
within Croatia (light yellow)
County seat Koprivnica
Government
 • Prefect Darko Koren (HSS)
Area[1]
 • Total 1,748 km2 (675 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 124,467
 • Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Area code 048
ISO 3166 code HR-06
Website http://www.kckzz.hr/

Koprivnica-Križevci County (Croatian: Koprivničko-križevačka županija) is a county in northern Croatia. Its hyphenated name comes from two entities: the two of its largest cities, Koprivnica and Križevci.

Koprivnica is the official capital of the county. It was first mentioned in 1272 in a document by prince Ladislaus IV of Hungary and was declared a free royal town by king Ludovic I in 1356. It has flourished as a trading place and a military fortress since that time.

The military aspect set it back when it was included in the Military Frontier in the 16th century during the wars with the Ottoman Turks. After Maria Theresa's decree of 1765, however, it resumed life as a peaceful little merchant town.

Koprivnica developed significantly in the 20th century with the advent of the Podravka food industry, and is known worldwide for its Vegeta spice.

Križevci, on the other hand, as a smaller city and second mentioned in the county name, may seem like an underdog to its neighbour Koprivnica. Its first mention was from 1193 by Béla III but it was divided into two parts which developed at different rates.

After centuries of division, empress Maria Theresa united the Lower and Upper Križevac into Križevci in 1752. The town was also hit by the wars with the Turks, but it regained importance in 1871 when the railway was built through it on the way from Budapest to Rijeka.

The modern Križevci is oriented towards entrepreneurship, while preserving its eight beautiful churches (one is a cathedral), built mostly in the Middle Ages.

The county also includes a third town, Đurđevac, but its population is much smaller than the main two (8,862 in 2001).

The Koprivnica-Križevci County borders on the Međimurje County in the north, Varaždin County in the northwest, Zagreb County in the southwest, Bjelovar-Bilogora County in the south, Virovitica-Podravina County in the southeast and Hungary in the east.

Administrative division[edit]

Koprivnica-Križevci county is divided into:

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations of Koprivnica-Križevci County
Year Pop. ±%
1857 87,464 —    
1869 97,581 +11.6%
1880 105,529 +8.1%
1890 121,772 +15.4%
1900 132,581 +8.9%
1910 142,546 +7.5%
1921 139,054 −2.4%
1931 143,268 +3.0%
Year Pop. ±%
1948 140,565 −1.9%
1953 142,362 +1.3%
1961 143,019 +0.5%
1971 138,994 −2.8%
1981 133,790 −3.7%
1991 129,397 −3.3%
2001 124,467 −3.8%
2011 115,584 −7.1%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, 2005

As of the 2011 census, the county had 115,584 residents. The population density is 71 people per km².

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2013). "Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2013" [2013 Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) 45: 56. ISSN 1334-0638. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°10′12″N 16°54′32″E / 46.170°N 16.909°E / 46.170; 16.909