Korwa language

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Not to be confused with Korku language.
Native to India
Ethnicity Korwa, Kodaku (25%)
Native speakers
50,000  (1991 & 2001 censuses)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ksz – Kodaku
kfp – Korwa
Glottolog koda1256[2]

Korwa, or Kodaku/Koraku (Korku), is a Munda language of India.

Existing Korwa linguistic documentation includes Bahl (1962), which is based on the Korwa dialect of Dumertoli village, Bagicha Block, Tehsil Jashpurnagar, Raigarh District, Chhattisgarh (then administered as part of Madhya Pradesh).


Korwa is a dialect continuum. The two principal varieties are Korwa (Korba) and Koraku (Kodaku), spoken by the Korwa and Kodaku people. The Kodaku in Jharkhand call their language "Korwa". Both speak Sadri, Kurukh, or Chhattisgarhi as a second language, or in the case of Sadri sometimes as their first language.

Gregory Anderson (2008:195) lists the following locations for Korowa and Koraku.

According to Singh & Danda (1986:1), "a Kodaku is very clear about the differences between himself and the Korwa and a clear-cut distinction is made when a Korwa asks a Kodaku about his tribe, and vice versa."


  1. ^ Kodaku at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Korwa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kodaku–Korwa". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.
  • Bahl, Kali Charan. 1962. Korwa Lexicon. m.s., 148pp.
  • Singh, Bageshwar and Ajit K. Danda. 1986. The Kodaku of Surguja. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India.