Koraput

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This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Koraput district.
Koraput
କୋରାପୁଟ
city
Koraput is located in Odisha
Koraput
Koraput
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 18°49′N 82°43′E / 18.82°N 82.72°E / 18.82; 82.72Coordinates: 18°49′N 82°43′E / 18.82°N 82.72°E / 18.82; 82.72
Country  India
State Odisha
District Koraput
Elevation 870 m (2,850 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 39,523
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration OD 10

Koraput (କୋରାପୁଟ୍) is a town and a Notified Area Council in Koraput district in the Indian state of Odisha.

History[edit]

The district of Koraput derives its name from its headquarters the present town of Koraput. In ancient times when the Nalas were ruling over this tract, Pushkari near modern Umarkot was the capital city. In the medieval period Nandapur developed as the capital under the Silavamsi kings and sometimes under the kings of the Solar dynasty. Vikram Dev of the Solar dynasty shifted his headquarters to Jeypore about the middle of the 17th century and this town prospered as the capital. Koraput was chosen by the British in 1870 for better health prospects. The origin of the name of Koraput is obscure. There are several theories, none of which are convincing.

According to Mr. R.C.S.Bell the name of the town is ‘Kora-Putti’ or”the hamlet of the nux-vomica” and it is derived presumably from a tree or trees that must at one time have been prominent near the site. But today not a single tree of nux-vomica is to be found near about the town of Koraput and so the assumption or Mr. Bell is open to question.

According to second theory, Koraput is corrupted form of ‘Karaka pentho’ Karaka literally mans ‘hail-stone’. It is also believed that one ‘Khora Naiko’ laid foundation of the village during the time of Nandapur kings. He hailed probably from Ranpur and served under the Nandapur kings in the Militia, and for his faithful and meritorious services he has permitted to establish this village which was named after him as Khora Putu, and later on the name has been abbreviated to ‘Koraput’.

Koraput is also a Tourism Place.The town is surrounded by mountains, thick forests and waterfalls.

Marking a social success for others to emulate, the past two years, around 220 tribal villagers of the non-descript Bondaguda village under Similiguda block in the district has become totally free of open defecation with each of its 45 families constructing toilets in their homes.

Adivasi identity[edit]

This district is a part of the tribal belt in southern Odisha. As the word 'tribal' often denotes a negative connotation, the indigenous people here prefer to be known as 'Adivasis' meaning 'original inhabitants'. Most of the area was under thick forest cover until a few years ago. Many adivasi communities live in this district. Largely due to deforestation, industrialization and urbanization these communities have almost come to modernity and are adopting new ways of life. However, on any Sunday one can see the adivasis selling their products (vegetables and fruits of organic origin) in Sunday markets popularly known as HAT PODA. Tha hat poda or the 'haat' plays an important role in maintaining Adivasi identity.[1] In the month of November (2nd-3rd week), a famous festival of tribals, organised by the district administration DONGAR FESTIVAL or PARAB is being organised every year to showcase the life of adivasis. In reality, one could see the Adivasis being paraded as 'museum specimens' for the sake of the voyeuristic tourist. Many foreign tourists also visit this place to witness this festival.[2] The adivasi languages, culture and traditional knowledge are closely connected with their ecosystem [3]

Sabara Srikhetra[edit]

The Sabara Srikhetra Jagannath temple

Koraput is mostly famous for its Jagannath Temple which is also known as Sabara Srikhetra. Srikhetra is normally referred to as Puri Jagannath, but the unique identity of the Koraput temple is because of the fact that no section of the society is barred entry.

Thousands flock to the temple every day for darshan. The Temple trust has built huge accommodation centres for pilgrims and is an important force behind the growing number of tourist arrivals. The trust also runs COATS (Council of Analytical Tribal Studies), a university–like educational institute is a successful attempt to restore and educate tribal way of life, customs, tradition, medicine, language, social structure and history. This quite paradoxical: A group of people building a Hindu temple on one hand and running COATS for tribal culture restoration on the other.[4]

Geography[edit]

Koraput is located at 18°49′N 82°43′E / 18.82°N 82.72°E / 18.82; 82.72.[5] It has an average elevation of 870 metres (2854 feet).

Some major rivers of Odisha pass through the district Koraput like Machhakunda, Bansadhara and Kolab. This district is also bestowed with waterfalls like Duduma, Bagra and Khandahati. It also contains the largest mountain of Odisha, called Deomali along with Chandragiri mountain. Koraput district is famous for the important places like Jeypur, Duduma, Bagra, Sunabeda MiG factory.Koraput holds a total area of 8,807 km2.According to 2011 census, with a total population of 13,79,647, the district has a literacy rate of 36.20%. Koraput is dependent on agricultural activities. The district has total cultivable land of 3,01,000 hectares.With a 157 km long national highway the district is well connected to all the other districts of Odisha. Gupteswar, Neelabadi, Nandapur, Sunabeda, Duduma water fall, [Savra shrikhetra], Ankadeli forms the major interests of Koraput.

Hill stations[edit]

Being at the heart of tribal belt in South Odisha, it has also many hill stations though they are not that famous as other hill stations of India. Places like Machkund, Onukadelli, Jalaput, Chindri, Hatipathar, etc. are places to be visited for their scenic beauty.

Economy[edit]

The Engine division of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a defence enterprise of the Government of India, is located at Sunabeda, 15 km from Koraput town. This factory manufactures aircraft engines for MiG and Sukhoi fighter aircraft. The HAL factory employs 6,000 engineers and technicians, all of whom reside in the township next to the factory.

The National Aluminium Company Ltd. (NALCO) mining and refinery complex at Damanjodi also has a significant contribution to the economy of Koraput district. Around 2,500 engineers & technicians are engaged in the process of extraction of Alumina from Bauxite. Other than the NALCO employees, there are thousands of workers engaged by hundreds of contractors who are employed here. The nearby town of Semiliguda has developed as a commercial centre of the district and has become a good market catering to the people of Semiliguda as well as of nearby Sunabeda and Damanjodi. Semliguda is mostly inhabited by trading communities.

Transport[edit]

Koraput has good linkage with other parts of the state as well as some major cities of neighboring states, by means of rail and road. National highway number 26(43) passes through the town which connects it with Raipur and Visakhapatnam. Buses are a plenty from Vishakhatanam and Vizianagaram to Koraput. Now-a-days many private cabs are also available from Vizianagaram, which costs about Rs.220-300 per head. Buses to Jeypore, Jagdalpur, Umerkote, etc., also passes through Koraput.

By Rail, it is well connected with Rayagada, Visakhapatnam, Jagdalpur, Howrah, Bhubaneswar, Rourkela.

Education[edit]

Koraput is well equipped with basic educational facilities. The major government and privately owned schools and college include :

  • Vyomayana Samstha Vidyalaya, Sunabeda, Koraput
  • Aeronautics College, Sunabeda; (Previously named Aeronautics Commerce and Arts (A.C& A) College)
  • Sunabeda Women's Junior College, Sunabeda, Koraput;
  • Sunabeda Women's Degree College, Sunabeda, Koraput;
  • Govt. High School (previously named Govt. Boys High School);
  • Police High School;
  • J.E.L.C High School;
  • Govt Girls High School;
  • Sahid Rajeev Gandhi High School,Sunapur,Koraput
  • Sri Aurobindo Purnanga Shikhsakendra;
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir;
  • Public School;
  • Central School (Kendriya Vidyalaya);
  • S.V.B.Vidyapith Eng. Medium School;
  • Bikash Vidyalaya Eng / Oriya Medium School;
  • Saints English Medium School.
  • Samanta Chandrashekhar Institute of Technology and Management, Semiliguda(SCITM)
  • Siddharth Institute of Engineering and Technology (S.I.E.T)
  • Institute of Engineering and Management, Jeypore (I.E.M)
  • Gopal Krishna college of Engineering and Technology, Jeypore (G.K.C.E.T)
  • Central University of Orissa, Koraput
  • Talents College Of Science& Technology
  • Jawahor Navodaya Vidyalaya, Koraput
  • Council of Analytical Tribal Studies
  • Sunshine Computer Education,Banjalaput,Nandapur,Koraput

As far as higher studies are concerned, Koraput has got one Woman's College and a D.A.V College, both of which are affiliated to the Berhampur University. The quality of higher education in Koraput is still under question.

Apart from traditional courses, Koraput now also provides facilities for professional courses like engineering and pharmacy. There is a demand from the people of Koraput to establish a medical college in the district which has not been entertained by the Government.Koraput is surrounded with industry like HAL, NALCO, and other like power project, which create a demand for technical professionals.

In 2009, a central university was set up in Koraput namely Central University of Orissa. This started functioning from August 2009 providing courses on English, Oriya, Mass Communication, Journalism, Anthropology and Sociology. Prof Surabhi Banarjee has been appointed as the first Vice Chancellor of the University.[6]

  • Chandoori Sai
  • Hotel MMR (Maa Mangala Residency)
  • Bhavani Lodge, Damanjodi
  • Hotel Raj Residency
  • Hotel Atithi Bhawan
  • Hotel Atithi Bhawan
  • Hotel Ambika Heavens
  • Hotel Hello Jeypore
  • Hotel Princess
  • Hotel Apsara
  • Hotel Sankar
  • Hotel Lemon Castle

Demographics[edit]

An official Census 2011 detail of Koraput, a district of Odisha has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Odisha. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Koraput District of Odisha.

In 2011, Koraput had population of 1,376,934 of which male and female were 677,864 and 699,070 respectively. There was change of 16.63 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Koraput District recorded increase of 14.67 percent to its population compared to 1991.

The initial provisional data suggest a density of 156 in 2011 compared to 134 of 2001. Total area under Koraput district is of about 8,807 km2.

Average literacy rate of Koraput in 2011 were 49.87 compared to 35.72 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 61.29 and 38.92 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 47.20 and 24.26 in Koraput District. Total literate in Koraput District were 579,203 of which male and female were 348,447 and 230,756 respectively. In 2001, Koraput District had 350,044 in its total region.

With regards to Sex Ratio in Koraput, it stood at 1031 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 999. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate.

  • Population of 2011 is 1,376,934
  • Male 677,864
  • Female 699,070
  • Proportion to Odisha Population is 3.28%

Politics[edit]

Current [Member of Parliament(MP)] Mr.Jayram Pangi and MLA from Koraput Assembly Constituency is Raghuram Padal of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Tara Prasad Bahinipati of INC from 2000 to 2009, Gupta Prasad Das of INC in 1994, Harish Chandra Baxipatra who won as JD candidate in 1990 and as JNP candidate in 1977, Narusinghananda Brahma as INC candidate in 1985, as INC(I) candidate in 1980 and Taraprasad Bahinipati (INC) in 2000 and 2005.[7]

Koraput is part of Koraput (Lok Sabha constituency).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Resource: Book on the ethnobotany of the Kondh, Poraja, Gadaba and Bonda of the Koraput region of Odisha, India « Traditional Knowledge Bulletin. Tkbulletin.wordpress.com (2012-01-18). Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  2. ^ Parab - About. Koraput.nic.in (2009-11-18). Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  3. ^ Franco F, Merlin Narasimhan, D (2009). "Plant names and uses as indicators of knowledge patterns". Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 8 (4): 645–648. 
  4. ^ Orissa: A Gujarat In The making By Angana Chatterji. Countercurrents.org (2003-11-02). Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Koraput. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  6. ^ Central University. Cuorissa.org. Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  7. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 85-Koraput Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 

External links[edit]