The area has rich wood resources. Today, the economic situation is slowly improving, but there is still a large tendency of emigration from the region to larger cities.
A typical phenomenon of this region is the porous composition of the karst soil (consisting of limestone), which creates numerous crater-like dolines (sinkholes, Croatian dolina). There also exist many underground river systems, of which many have not yet been discovered or which still need thorough examination. Also, the typical soil of the Kordun region is red earth (Terra rossa).