Korean Air Cargo Flight 6316

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Korean Air Cargo Flight 6316
HL7373, the aircraft involved in the accident at Narita Airport in early 1990s
Accident summary
Date April 15, 1999
Summary Pilot error, confusion between metric measures and Imperial measures
Site Xinzhuang, Minhang District,
Shanghai, China
Passengers 0
Crew 3
Injuries (non-fatal) 42 (all on ground)
Fatalities 8 (including 5 on ground)
Survivors 0
Aircraft type McDonnell Douglas MD-11F
Operator Korean Air Cargo
Registration HL7373
Flight origin Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Destination Gimpo International Airport, Gangseo-gu, Seoul, South Korea

Korean Air Cargo Flight 6316 (also known as KAL6316 and KE6316) was a scheduled Korean Air Cargo flight from Shanghai to Seoul. On April 15, 1999, the McDonnell Douglas MD-11F operating the route, registered as HL7373, crashed in Xinzhuang, Shanghai shortly after taking off from Hongqiao Airport, killing all 3 crew on board, along with 5 on the ground.[1] It was the second MD-11 crash in just over six months, and as of 2014 remains the second-deadliest MD-11 crash behind Swissair Flight 111.

Accident[edit]

Loaded with 86 tonnes of cargo, the MD-11F operating Flight 6316 took off from Shanghai Hongqiao Airport at around 4:00 pm. After taking off, the MD-11F received clearance to climb to 1,500 m (4,900 ft) after the first officer contacted Shanghai Departure. As the aircraft climbed to 4,500 ft (1,400 m), the captain received the answer of the first officer that the required altitude should be 1,500 ft (460 m), thinking that the aircraft was 3000 feet too high. Therefore, the captain pushed the control column abruptly forward, causing the aircraft to descend. At 4:04 pm, the aircraft became uncontrollable and eventually crashed into an industrial zone in Xinzhuang, which is 10 kilometres southwest of Hongqiao Airport. The aircraft dived into the ground and exploded, with 3 South Korean crew on board, 2 pupils and 3 migrant workers on the ground perished. The crash was recorded by the nearby Shanghai Earthquake Administration which indicated that the impact forces had generated an equivalent of a 1.6 magnitude earthquake.[2]

Aircraft[edit]

The aircraft operated Flight 6316 was a McDonnell Douglas MD-11 freighter with the registration HL7373 and S/N 48409, powered by three Pratt & Whitney PW4460 engines. Built in February 1992, this aircraft was delivered to Korean Air as a brand new passenger aircraft on March 24, 1992. In 1996, the aircraft was converted to a freighter.

Investigation[edit]

On April 27, 1999, the primary investigation revealed no evidence of explosion or mechanical failure before the impact. In June 2001, further investigation carried out by CAAC showed that the first officer had confused 1500 metres, the required altitude, with 1500 feet, causing the pilot to make the wrong decision to descend.[3]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The aircraft involved in this accident was initially delivered to Korean Air as HL7372, the sistership of HL7373. It crashed on November 28, 2009.
  2. ^ The flight was from Beijing, China to Busan, Korea, flown by a Boeing 767-200ER registered B-2552 on April 15, 2002. 129 people were killed in that crash.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese)"一架飞机今天下午在上海附近坠落". 新浪网. April 15, 1999. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ (Chinese)"用科学捍卫尊严──中国民航调查"4·15"韩航坠机事故原因纪实 第二节 寻找证据". Xu Haiping, Huang Shiqing, Wang Zhide. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  3. ^ (Chinese)"上海机场大韩航空事故原因为驾驶员失误". The Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 

External links[edit]

External images
Pre-accident photos of HL7373 from Airliners.net

Coordinates: 31°06′00″N 121°22′16″E / 31.10000°N 121.37111°E / 31.10000; 121.37111