Korean FA Cup

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Hana Bank FA Cup
Korean FA Cup emblem.png
Founded 1996; 18 years ago (1996)
(1921 as All Korea Football Tournament)
Region South Korea Korea Republic
Number of teams 64 (2013)
Current champions Pohang Steelers (2013)
Most successful club(s) Pohang Steelers (4 times)
Website http://www.kfa.or.kr
2014 Korean FA Cup

The Korean FA Cup is a national cup knockout competition involving K League Classic, K League Challenge, National League, and various amateur and university-level clubs, which is held annually by the Korea Football Association (KFA). Its previous format began in 1921, as the All Korea Football Tournament(1921–1940) and became the National Football Championship(1946–2000), but the FA Cup in it present format began in 1996. The KFA merged its cup competition with the FA Cup in 2000. The winner gains entry to the Asian Champions League.

History[edit]

The All Korea Football Tournament was founded by the Korea Sports Council in 1921, during Japanese rule in Korea. Youth, student and adult football clubs from various provinces participated. After 1934, it became a part of the Korean National Sports Festival, which was the championship for various sports games and matched Koreans against other sports championships operated by Japanese who lived in Korea. The Korea Sports Council was disbanded in 1937, due to the Japanese government's oppression. The KFA succeeded it after 1938, but was cancelled after 1940 for the same reason during World War II.[1][2]

After the liberation of Korea, the KFA founded the National Football Championship in 1946. Many clubs from all over Korea participated. It opened in late autumn, like its predecessor, the All Korea Football Tournament.

It declined after the founding of the The Korean Professional Football League (K-League) in 1983, because professional clubs and famous players didn’t take part in it. There were several efforts to make professional clubs join the tournament,[3] and it became so successful that many top-rank clubs joined in and the KFA renamed it FA Cup for the 1988 and 1989 seasons.[4][5] However, it soon returned to an amateur tournament, because of discord between the KFA and professional football clubs. KFA's FA Cup separated from the National Football Championship in 1996. The two competitions merged again in 2000.

Format[edit]

1996-2005

The Korean FA Cup took place after the end of the regular K-League season, and was usually completed over a short period. Games were played in a single-elimination format, with extra time and penalties if required. K-League sides were seeded in the 1st round of the tournament proper, but all matches were played at neutral venues, such as Gimcheon and Namhae.

2006-

To elevate the status of the tournament, matches were spread throughout the year. The 2006 edition, for example, started in early March, with rounds also held in April, July, August and November. The final was played in December.

As in previous years, the competition was contested in a straight knockout format.

Title sponsors[edit]

Winners (only FA Cup after 1996)[edit]

Pohang Steelers is most successful club in KFA Cup with 4 times winners and five clubs including Pohang Steelers, Jeonnam Dragons, Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors, Suwon Samsung Bluewings (each 3 times) and Seongnam FC (each twice) have won the Korean FA Cup more than once.

Titles By Season[edit]

Year Winners Runners-up Score
1996 Pohang Atoms Suwon Samsung Bluewings 0-0 (7-6 PSO)
1997 Jeonnam Dragons Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma 1-0
1998 Anyang LG Cheetahs Ulsan Hyundai Horangi 2-1
1999 Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma Chonbuk Hyundai Dinos 3-0
2000 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 2-0
2001 Daejeon Citizen Pohang Steelers 1-0
2002 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Pohang Steelers 1-0
2003 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Jeonnam Dragons 2-2 (4-2 PSO)
2004 Busan I'Cons Bucheon SK 1-1 (4-3 PSO)
2005 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin 1-0
2006 Jeonnam Dragons Suwon Samsung Bluewings 2-0
2007 Jeonnam Dragons Pohang Steelers 3-2(1st leg), 1-3(2nd leg)
6-3(Agg)
2008 Pohang Steelers Gyeongnam FC 2-0
2009 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 1-1 (4-2 PSO)
2010 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Busan IPark 1-0
2011 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Suwon Samsung Bluewings 1-0
2012 Pohang Steelers Gyeongnam FC 1-0
2013 Pohang Steelers Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 1-1 (4-3 PSO)

Titles By Club[edit]

  • K-League official policy is that current clubs succeed to predecessor clubs' history & records.[6]
Club Winners Runners-up
Pohang Steelers 4 (1996, 2008, 2012, 2013 ) 3 (2001, 2002, 2007)
Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3 (2002, 2009, 2010) 3 (1996, 2006, 2011)
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 3 (2000, 2003, 2005) 2 (1999, 2013)
Jeonnam Dragons 3 (1997, 2006, 2007) 1 (2003)
Seongnam FC 2 (1999, 2011) 3 (1997, 2000, 2009)
Busan IPark 1 (2004) 1 (2010)
FC Seoul 1 (1998) 0
Daejeon Citizen 1 (2001) 0
Gyeongnam FC 0 2 (2008, 2012)
Ulsan Hyundai 0 1 (1998)
Jeju United 0 1 (2004)
Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin 0 1 (2005)

Titles By City / Area[edit]

City / Area Titles Clubs
Pohang
4
Pohang Atoms (1996), Pohang Steelers (2008, 2012, 2013)
Jeonnam
3
Jeonnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)
Jeonbuk
3
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)
Suwon
3
Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010)
Anyang
1
Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)
Cheonan
1
Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)
Daejeon
1
Daejeon Citizen (2001)
Busan
1
Busan I'Cons (2004)
Seongnam
1
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)

Titles By Province[edit]

Province Titles City / Area Clubs
Jeolla Region
6
(3) Jeonnam
Jeonnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)
(3) Jeonbuk Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)
Capital Region
5
(3) Suwon Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010)
(1) Anyang Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)
(1) Seongnam Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Gyeongsang Region
5
(4) Pohang Pohang Atoms (1996), Pohang Steelers (2008, 2012, 2013)
(1) Busan Busan I'Cons (2004)
Chungcheong Region
2
(1) Cheonan Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)
(1) Daejeon Daejeon Citizen (2001)
Gangwon Region
0
Jeju Region
0
*Chunma means pegasus

Award winners[edit]

MVP Award[edit]

Season Player Club
1996 South Korea Cho Jin-Ho Pohang Steelers
1997 South Korea Kim Jung-Hyuk Jeonnam Dragons
1998 South Korea Kang Chun-Ho Anyang LG Cheetahs
1999 South Korea Park Nam-Yeol Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma
2000 South Korea Park Seong-Bae Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2001 South Korea Kim Eun-Jung Daejeon Citizen
2002 South Korea Seo Jung-Won Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2003 Brazil Edmilson Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2004 South Korea Kim Yong-Dae Busan I'Cons
2005 Colombia Milton Rodríguez Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2006 South Korea Kim Hyo-Il Jeonnam Dragons
2007 South Korea Kim Chi-Woo Jeonnam Dragons
2008 South Korea Choi Hyo-Jin Pohang Steelers
2009 South Korea Lee Woon-Jae Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2010 South Korea Yeom Ki-Hun Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2011 South Korea Cho Donggeon Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
2012 South Korea Hwang Ji-Soo Pohang Steelers

Top Scorer Award[edit]

Season Player Club Goals
1996 Russia Denis Laktionov Suwon Samsung Bluewings
4
1997 South Korea Roh Sang-Rae Jeonnam Dragons
6
1998 South Korea Kim Jong-Kun Ulsan Hyundai
5
1999 South Korea Choi Yong-Soo Anyang LG Cheetahs
5
2000 Brazil Cesar Jeonnam Dragons
4
2001 South Korea Kim Eun-Jung Daejeon Citizen
4
South Korea Choi Sung-Kuk Korea University
2002
No Award
2003
No Award
2004 South Korea Wang Jung-Hyun FC Seoul
5
South Korea Jung Jo-Gook FC Seoul
2005 Colombia Milton Rodríguez Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
6
2006 South Korea Jang Nam-Seok Daegu FC
3
2007
No Award
2008 South Korea Kim Dong-Chan Gyeongnam FC
6
2009 Republic of Macedonia Stevica Ristić Pohang Steelers
5
2010 South Korea Ji Dong-Won Jeonnam Dragons
5
Brazil Índio Jeonnam Dragons
2011 South Korea Go Seul-Ki Ulsan Hyundai
4
2012
No Award
2013
No Award

In 2002, 2003, 2007 and 2012 award was cancelled, because top scorer was of 3 or more people.

All-time winners (including former Cups)[edit]

The records of FA Cup including former Cups(All Korea Football Tournament, Korean National Football Championship) are the followings.[7][8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.163-166, p.220-226.
  2. ^ English translation of 전조선축구대회 is “All Korea Football Tournament” as described in official KFA homepage. KFA>Archives>History
  3. ^ 내년부터 축구의 "王中王(왕중왕)" 「FA컵대회」신설 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1981-11-15.
  4. ^ FA컵축구 15일개막 프로•실업등42팀참가 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1988-11-10.
  5. ^ 89축구「王中王(왕중왕)」뽑는다 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1989-11-01.
  6. ^ "The Official K-League Almanac (Korean)". K-League editorial division. 
  7. ^ 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.540-544, p.579-584.
  8. ^ 대한축구협회>한국축구사>국내주요대회소개 (Korean)(English)(Japanese)
  9. ^ The winner and the runners-up of All Korea Football Tournament are those of adult football division.

External links[edit]