Korean community of Shanghai

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As of 2011 about 50,000 Koreans reside in Shanghai.[1] According to 2006 estimates about 85,000 Joseonjok (ethnic Koreans who are Chinese citizens) live in Shanghai.[2] As of 2013 over 19,800 South Koreans are resident in Shanghai. The South Koreans make up the third largest expatriate group in Shanghai.[3] South Koreans began moving to China after the 1992 establishment of diplomatic relations between South Korea and the People's Republic of China. Most South Koreans migrated to Shanghai due to business reasons.[4]

Hongqiao Town in Minhang District has the largest South Korean community in Shanghai and is considered to be the Koreatown of Shanghai.[3] The Koreatown is located near Hongquan Lu and Jinhui Nan Lu.[5] As of 2011, about 30,000 of the 50,000 Koreans in Shanghai live in the Koreatown area.[1]

History[edit]

In early 1919 there were 400 Koreans in Shanghai. In the autumn of 1919 this increased to 700.[6] In that era, Shanghai became a center of Korean nationalism.[7]

In 1982 there were 462 ethnic Koreans in Shanghai. This increased by 58.9% to 734 in 1990.[8] According to the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, from 1990 to 1995 the ethnic Korean population in Shanghai increased by 60%.[9]

As of 2003 there was an estimate of 7,500 long-term South Korean residents in Shanghai, with 2,676 of them having residential permits.[10]

By 2008 almost 23,000 Koreans resided in Shanghai, making up of 15% of the foreigners and making for the second largest expatriate group in Shanghai. In addition Shanghai became the center of South Korean tourism to China.[11]

Education[edit]

The Shanghai Korean School (SKS) is located in Shanghai.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kim, Si Joong. "The Economic Status and Role of Ethnic Koreans in China" (Chapter 6). In: Bergsten, C. Fred and Inbum Choi (In-bŏm Chʻoe) (editors). The Korean Diaspora in the World Economy. Peterson Institute, January 1, 2003. ISBN 0881323586, 9780881323580.
  • Lee, Chong-sik. The Politics of Korean Nationalism. University of California Press, 1963. Available at Google Books.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Searching for Seoul in Koreatown." Shanghai Daily at China.org.cn. January 21, 2001. p. 1. Retrieved on February 18, 2014.
  2. ^ Han, Enze. Contestation and Adaptation: The Politics of National Identity in China. Oxford University Press, September 19, 2013. p. 74. ISBN 0199936293, 9780199936298.
  3. ^ a b Zhu, Jialei. "The Seoul of Shanghai." Global Times. November 25, 2013. Retrieved on February 18, 2014.
  4. ^ Shanghai Korean Business Forum. "Korean Diaspora and Christian Mission." In: Kim, Sŭng-hun (S. Hun) and Wonsuk Ma (editors). "Korean Diaspora and Christian Mission." Oxford Centre for Mission Studies (OCMS). p. 265. ISBN 1870345894, 9781870345897.
  5. ^ Zhou, Tim. "Shanghai food tour: The best South Korean food in Koreatown." CNN. April 20, 2011. Retrieved on February 18, 2014.
  6. ^ Lee, Chong-sik, p. 130.
  7. ^ Lee, Chong-sik, p. 129-130.
  8. ^ Kim, Si Joong, p. 106.
  9. ^ Kim, Si Joong, p. 114.
  10. ^ Kim, Si Joong, p. 124.
  11. ^ Calder, Kent and Min Ye. The Making of Northeast Asia (Studies in Asian Security). Stanford University Press, August 16, 2010. ISBN 0804775052, 9780804775052. p. 143.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]