|Linguistic classification:||Altaic (controversial)
The Koreanic languages are Korean along with ancient relatives closer to it than to any proposed links with Mongolic, Turkic, Tungusic, or Japanese. Among extant languages, Korean is generally seen as a language isolate, though the speech of Jeju Island is distinct enough to be considered a distinct language by some authorities.
Ancient Koreanic languages
Several ancient languages of the Korean peninsula—Silla, Buyeo, Goguryeo, Dongye, Okjeo, Baekje, and possibly Gojoseon and Ye-Maek—may have been ancestral to, related to, or part of Old Korean. Two branches are sometimes posited, Buyeo and Han.
Apart from Silla (Old Korean proper), these languages are not well attested, and their relationships are controversial.
Modern Koreanic languages
Modern Korean is traditionally considered a single language. However, Jeju (Cheju) is sometimes classified as a distinct language, for example in the UNESCO atlas on endangered languages. In that case, there are two modern Koreanic languages, Jeju and Korean proper.
- Young Kyun Oh, 2005. Old Chinese and Old Sino-Korean
- Janhunen, Juha, 1996. Manchuria: an ethnic history
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