Koreanic languages

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Koreanic
Geographic
distribution:
Korea, Northeast China
Linguistic classification: Altaic (controversial)
  • Koreanic
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: (not evaluated)

The Koreanic languages are Korean along with ancient relatives closer to it than to any proposed links with Mongolic, Turkic, Tungusic, or Japanese. Among extant languages, Korean is generally seen as a language isolate, though the speech of Jeju Island is distinct enough to be considered a language in its own right by some authorities.

Ancient Koreanic languages[edit]

Further information: Buyeo languages and Old Korean

Several ancient languages of the Korean peninsula—Silla, Buyeo, Goguryeo, Dongye, Okjeo, Baekje, and possibly Gojoseon and Ye-Maek—may have been ancestral to, related to, or part of Old Korean. Two branches are sometimes posited, Buyeo and Han.[1]

Apart from Silla (Old Korean proper), these languages are not well attested, and their relationships are controversial.

Modern Koreanic languages[edit]

Further information: Korean dialects and Jeju language

Modern Korean is traditionally considered a single language. However, Jeju (Cheju) is sometimes classified as a distinct language, for example in the UNESCO atlas on endangered languages. If that is accepted, there are two modern Koreanic languages, Jeju and Korean proper.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Young Kyun Oh, 2005. Old Chinese and Old Sino-Korean
  2. ^ Janhunen, Juha, 1996. Manchuria: an ethnic history