Koreans in Indonesia

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Koreans in Indonesia
Total population
36,925 (2011)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Jakarta, Tangerang, Surabaya, Bandung
Jakarta 31,224[1]
East Java and Bali 2,924[1]
Central Java 905[1]
Elsewhere 1,242[1]
Languages
Korean, English
Religion
Christianity, Buddhism;[2] minority of Islam[3]
Related ethnic groups
Koreans
Koreans in Indonesia
Korean name
Hangul 재인도네시아 한인
Hanja 在인도네시아 韓人
Indonesian name
Indonesian Orang Korea di Indonesia

Koreans in Indonesia numbered 36,925 individuals as of 2011, making them the 13th-largest population of overseas Koreans, according to South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade; some local population estimates put their numbers even higher, at as many as 50,000 people.[1][4]

Migration history[edit]

One of the leading figures of the Indonesian independence movement, Komarudin (Korean name: Yang Chil-seong; Hangul: 양칠성; Hanja: ) was an ethnic Korean.[5]

The Korean presence in Indonesia goes back several decades. The Jakarta International Korean School in East Jakarta opened on 1 February 1975, and as of 2007 enrolled 719 elementary school students, 357 middle school students, and 375 high school students.[6] It is thus the largest Korean day school in Southeast Asia, at more than twice the enrollment of the one in Ho Chi Minh City.[4][7] A Koreatown began to form in South Jakarta's Kebayoran Baru subdistrict as early as 1982, when Kim Woo-jae opened a shop selling kimchi and doenjang.[8] Between 2009 and 2011, their population grew by 14%. Nearly all (35,549, or 98%) are staying on ordinary residence visas; there are only 279 people with student visas, 211 with permanent residence, and 256 who have become Indonesian citizens. The sex ratio of the community is quite unbalanced, with 1.4 men for every woman, similar to the pattern seen in most Southeast Asian countries besides Malaysia and Singapore.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Aside from the Koreatown in Kebayoran Baru, several thousand Koreans also live in the vicinity of Tangerang, 20km west of Jakarta; a large number of Korean businesses are concentrated in the Lippo Karawaci development, where 80% of all shops are Korean-owned.[9] In the Jakarta area, residential distribution of Koreans is often based on profession; for example, those near Tangerang are involved in shoe manufacturing, while those in Bekasi work in the electronics industry. Bogor and Cibubur also have large concentrations of Koreans.[4] Farther away from Jakarta, Korean nationals are also served by two other weekend schools, the Surabaya Hangul School (founded 1 January 1989, enrolling 42 students at the kindergarten and elementary levels), and the Bandung Hangul School (founded 1 March 1992, enrolling 66 students at the kindergarten through middle school levels).[10][11] Semarang is another area mentioned as having a large number of Koreans, though they lack any Korean-language educational facilities there. Bali, a popular destination for Korean tourists, has also begun to attracting some scattered Korean entrepreneurs.[4]

Religion[edit]

The directory of the Korean Association in Indonesia listed 14 Korean churches (of various denominations including Presbyterianism) and one Buddhist temple of the Jogye Order in the Jabodetabek area.[2] Muslims form a smaller minority of the Korean community. The Indonesian branch of the Korean Muslim Federation opened in 1982; they sponsored 22 Muslims from South Korea to come to Indonesia as students in 1983 and 1984 to study in local universities and better understand Islam. According to their figures, as of 2005, there were only 50 Korean Muslims in Indonesia, including those who had converted while living there.[3][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g *《재외동포 본문(지역별 상세)》, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2011-07-15, p. 93, retrieved 2012-02-25 
  2. ^ a b "학원, 의료, 종교 및 사회복지/Hagwons, Medical Care, Religion, and Social Welfare". 한인기업 디렉토리/Korean Business Directory. Korean Chamber of Commerce/Korean Association in Indonesia. Retrieved 2009-06-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Dynamic Korea: Muslims, a minority among minorities". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  4. ^ a b c d Han, Sang-jae (2006-04-19). "인도네시어의 한인들: 지구촌 리포트 (Koreans of Indonesia: Global Village Report)". Jae'oe Dongpo Sinmun. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  5. ^ Jung (정), Hwan-bo (환보) (2011-08-15), '인도네시아 독립영웅' 그는 조선 청년이었다, Kyunghyang Sinmun (in Korean), retrieved 2011-09-03 
  6. ^ "Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 자카르타한국국제학교". National Institute for International Educational Development, Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  7. ^ "Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 호치민시한국학교". National Institute for International Education Development, Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15. 
  8. ^ "More converge around 'Little Korea' in Jakarta". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  9. ^ Nurbianto, Bambang. "Koreans made to feel at home in their village in Karawaci". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 수라바야한글학교". National Institute for International Educational Development, Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 반동한글학교". National Institute for International Educational Development, Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  12. ^ "Dr Ali Ann Sun Gun: Kegiatan Dakwah di Korsel Sangat Intens" (in Indonesian). Republika Online. 

External links[edit]