Koreans in Singapore

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Koreans in Singapore
Total population
16,650 (2010)[1]
Languages
Korean, English, Chinese
Religion
Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism[2]
Related ethnic groups
Koreans

Koreans in Singapore formed a population of 16,650 individuals as of 2010, according to the South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, making them the world's 19th-largest Korean diaspora community.[1] Their population grew by over 80% between 2005 and 2007, and has remained roughly stable since then.[1][3]

History[edit]

There is evidence of Koreans living in Singapore as early as the 1930s, when their homeland was under Japanese rule. A few Koreans are buried in the pre-World War II cemetery of Singapore's Japanese community.[4]

In the early 2000s, a variety of factors attracted South Korean migration to Singapore, including education, low taxes, and the ease of obtaining permanent residency status.[5] In 2006, the number of Koreans purchasing Singapore real estate jumped by 132% compared to 2005, with many purchasing as owner-occupiers as well as for investment purposes.[6] Following the increase in the Korean population, the number of restaurants and retailers aimed at the community is on the rise, and now includes two ddeok shops.[7][8] South Korea's Andong General Hospital and Singapore's Gleneagles Hospital and Medical Centre established a clinic aimed at Koreans in Singapore as well as those living in Malaysia; initially staffed by a single Andong doctor assisted by a number of Korean-speaking attendants, the clinic cost SG$200,000 to set up.[9]

Education[edit]

Singapore's only school for Korean nationals, the Singapore Korean School, was established on 17 February 1993; As of 2005, it had 15 teachers and enrolled 100 students at the elementary school level. It conducts roughly two-thirds of its class hours in Korean, and one-third in English.[10] Its associated weekend school, opened at the same time, enrolled a total of 261 students at the elementary and middle school levels.[11] Despite the challenge they face from the local school system, the Korean International School still projects rising student numbers, and in 2010 plans to[dated info] move to a new campus with room for 500 students, five times as many as their current facilities.[12]

Many Korean students bypass the Korean International School entirely in order to take advantage of English-medium education at government or non-Korean international schools. Singapore has become a popular destination for South Korean students and their parents, who see it as an ideal place to learn both English and Chinese, the two most popular foreign languages in South Korea.[13][14] The Singapore Tourism Board began actively marketing Singaporean education to South Koreans in 2005; they form one of the larger sources of international students, along with other Asian countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam.[15] By 2008, Singaporean schools enrolled an estimated 6,500 Korean students.[12] In many cases, mothers come to Singapore with their young school-age children, while the bread-winning father remains behind in South Korea and sends money to support them.[15]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 재외동포현황/Current Status of Overseas Compatriots, South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2010, retrieved 2012-06-20 
  2. ^ 종교기관/Religious organisations, Korean Association of Singapore, retrieved 2009-06-19 
  3. ^ 재외동포현황 - 유럽 (Status of overseas compatriots - Europe), Overseas Korean Foundation, 2005, retrieved 2008-09-10 [dead link]
  4. ^ Tsu, Yun-hui Timothy (2002), "Post-mortem identity and burial obligation: on blood relations, place relations, and associational relations in the Japanese community of Singapore", in Nakamaki, Hirochika, The culture of association and associations in contemporary Japanese society, Senri Ethnological Studies 62, Osaka, Japan: National Museum of Ethnology, pp. 97–111, OCLC 128864303 
  5. ^ "Tax Breaks, Schools Attract S.Koreans to Singapore", The Chosun Ilbo, 2007-10-17, archived from the original on 2008-05-24, retrieved 2009-04-29 
  6. ^ Kolesnikov-Jessop, Sonia (26 September 2007), "Singapore drawing more foreign investors", International Herald Tribune, retrieved 2008-10-03 
  7. ^ Dadds, Kimberley; Franco, Michael (18 August 2008), "Minority Report", Time out Singapore, retrieved 2008-10-03 [dead link]
  8. ^ Eu, Geoffrey (26 November 2005), "Korean cakes rice to the occasion", The Business Times (Singapore), retrieved 2008-10-03 
  9. ^ "Gleneagles, Andong General set up first Korean clinic here", The Business Times (Singapore), 12 October 2004, retrieved 2008-09-19 
  10. ^ Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 싱가포르한국학교 (– Scholar search), National Institute for International Education Development, Republic of Korea, 2005, archived from the original on 2007-09-30, retrieved 2007-05-13 [dead link]
  11. ^ Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 싱가포르한국학교부설토요학교 (– Scholar search), National Institute for International Education Development, Republic of Korea, 2005, archived from the original on 2007-09-30, retrieved 2007-05-13 [dead link]
  12. ^ a b "More Koreans enrolling in schools in Singapore", Channel News Asia, 11 February 2008, retrieved 2008-10-03 
  13. ^ Shim, Doobo (2006), "Korean Women Television Viewers in Singapore", Cultural Space and Public Sphere in Asia - An International Conference, retrieved 2007-05-13 
  14. ^ a b Plate, Tom (23 February 2007), "Woman power in Singapore's Media", AsiaMedia (University of California, Los Angeles), retrieved 2007-05-13 
  15. ^ a b Lee, Jon Tong (2008-01-23), "S. Koreans sold on an education in Singapore", The Straits Times, retrieved 2009-04-29 
  16. ^ "Life! Eric's coup", The Straits Times, 20 October 2007: 7 
  17. ^ Contestants: The Top 12 - Joakim Gomez, Singapore Idol, 2006, retrieved 2008-09-23 
  18. ^ "Urban TheBagPage–Joakim Gomez", The Straits Times, 31 January 2008: 24 
  19. ^ "Channel NewsAsia presenter Suzanne Jung honoured by SKorean govt", Yahoo! News, 31 October 2007, retrieved 2008-09-23 

External links[edit]