Koreatown, Long Island

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Koreatown, Long Island
Neighborhood of New York City
Roosevelt Avenue, Flushing, Queens
Roosevelt Avenue, Flushing, Queens
Country  United States of America
State  New York
Counties - Queens (borough of New York City)
- Nassau County
Region Long Island
Agglomeration New York City Metropolitan Area

Koreatown, Long Island, or the Long Island Koreatown (Hangul: 롱 아일랜드 코리아타운), on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York,[1][2][3][4][5] is one of the largest and fastest growing ethnic Korean enclaves outside of Korea.

Location[edit]

The core of this Koreatown[1][2][3][4] originated in the Flushing neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens. However, this Koreatown continues to expand rapidly eastward through the Queens neighborhoods of Murray Hill,[5] Bayside, Douglaston, and Little Neck,[1] and now into Nassau County.[2][3]

History[edit]

In the 1980s, a continuous stream of Korean immigrants emerged into the Long Island Koreatown, many of whom began as workers in the medical field or Korean international students who had moved to New York City to find or initiate professional or entrepreneurial positions.[1] They established a foothold on Union Street in Flushing between 35th and 41st Avenues,[1] featuring restaurants and karaoke (noraebang) bars, grocery markets, education centers and bookstores, banking institutions, offices, consumer electronics vendors, apparel boutiques, and other commercial enterprises.[2]

As the community grew in wealth and population and rose in socioeconomic status, Koreans expanded their presence eastward along Northern Boulevard, buying homes[5] in more affluent and less crowded Queens neighborhoods and more recently into adjacent suburban Nassau County, bringing their businesses with them, and thereby expanding the Koreatown itself.[2] This expansion has led to the creation of an American Meokjagolmok, or Korean Restaurant Street, around the Long Island Railroad station in Murray Hill, Queens, exuding the ambience of Seoul itself.[2] The eastward pressure to expand was also created by the inability to move westward, inhibited by the formidable presence of the enormous Flushing Chinatown (法拉盛華埠) centered on Main Street.[1]

Koreatown residents can enjoy an urban oasis at Flushing Meadows-Corona Park.
Queens Library in Flushing.

Demographics[edit]

Per the 2010 United States Census, the Korean population of Queens was 64,107,[6] representing the largest municipality in the United States with a density of at least 500 Korean Americans per square mile; while the Korean population of Nassau County had increased by nearly two-thirds to approximately 14,000 over one decade since the 2000 Census.[7] Along with the two Koreatowns of Bergen County, New Jersey (in Palisades Park and Fort Lee) and the Manhattan Koreatown in New York City, the Long Island Koreatown functions as a satellite node for an overall Korean American population of 218,764 individuals in the New York City Metropolitan Area,[8] the second largest population of ethnic Koreans outside of Korea. Korean Air and Asiana Airlines provide non-stop flights from Seoul to JFK Airport[9][10] in Queens.

Climate[edit]

The Long Island Koreatown lies at the northern edge of the humid subtropical climate zone, according to the Köppen climate classification,[11][12] similar to Seoul, South Korea;[13] Koreatown has a moderately sunny climate, averaging between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunshine annually.[14]

Education and Public institutions[edit]

Koreatown residents can enjoy an urban oasis at Flushing Meadows-Corona Park. Numerous branches of the Queens Library are readily accessible to the Koreatown community, as are branches in Nassau County. The sprawling region is served by numerous public, magnet, and private schools, including the highly sought Great Neck School District in Nassau County.

Medical care[edit]

Flushing Hospital Medical Center in Queens, North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, Nassau County, and St. Francis Hospital in Roslyn, also in Nassau County, all serve as medical centers providing the Long Island Koreatown as well as surrounding communities with comprehensive health care services.

Transportation[edit]

The Flushing – Main Street station (7 <7> trains) is the 11th busiest station in the New York City Subway system as of 2013.[15]

The (7 <7> trains) of the New York City Subway have their eastern terminus at Flushing – Main Street station; as of 2013, it is the 11th busiest subway station in the subway system.[15] the intersection of Main Street and Roosevelt Avenue, at the western end of Koreatown, is the third busiest intersection in New York City,[16] behind only Times Square and Herald Square in the borough of Manhattan. Numerous other public bus and rail connections also serve Koreatown at the Main Street/Roosevelt Avenue intersection, including 22 bus lines, and the Port Washington Branch of the Long Island Railroad.[17] Long Island's Koreatown is also readily accessible by automobile from several major controlled-access highways, including the Grand Central Parkway and the Whitestone Expressway/Van Wyck Expressway.

News organizations[edit]

The Korea Times, a news organization based in Seoul, carries a significant presence in the Long Island Koreatown. All of the major New York City daily newspapers are also found ubiquitously in Koreatown, including The New York Times, Newsday, the New York Daily News, and the New York Post.

Cuisine[edit]

The Long Island Koreatown features numerous restaurants that serve both traditional and/or regional Korean cuisine. As noted above, the development of this Koreatown has led to the creation of an American Meokjagolmok, or Korean Restaurant Street, around the Long Island Railroad station in Murray Hill, Queens, exuding the ambience of Seoul itself.[2] Korean Chinese cuisine is now also available in Koreatown.

Languages[edit]

Korean and English are both spoken prevalently in Koreatown. Retail signs employing the Hangul alphabet are ubiquitous.

Social services[edit]

A significant array of social services toward assisting recent as well as established Korean immigrants, is readily available in Koreatown.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues Second Edition, Edited by Pyong Gap Min. Pine Forge Press - An Imprint of Sage Publications, Inc. 2006. ISBN 9781412905565. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Kirk Semple (June 8, 2013). "City's Newest Immigrant Enclaves, From Little Guyana to Meokjagolmok". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-06-09. 
  3. ^ a b c John Roleke. "Flushing: Queens Neighborhood Profile". About.com. Retrieved 2013-06-09. 
  4. ^ a b "Koreatown Manhattan, or Koreatown Flushing?". CBS Interactive Inc. June 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-09. 
  5. ^ a b c Joyce Cohen (March 23, 2003). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Murray Hill, Queens; The Name's the Same, the Pace is Slower". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-06-09. 
  6. ^ "Queens County, New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Nassau County, New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  9. ^ Matt Molnar (August 9, 2011). "New Korean Air Airbus A380 Makes First Flight to America". Copyright © 2012 NYCAviation All Rights Reserved. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Flights from New York to Seoul". ©2011 Expedia, Inc. All rights reserved. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  11. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. "World Map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification". The University of Melbourne. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  12. ^ "New York Polonia Polish Portal in New York". Copyright © 2010-2012 NewYorkPolonia.com. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  13. ^ "Argo Data Management Team - Meeting 12". Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  14. ^ "united states annual sunshine map". HowStuffWorks, Inc. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  15. ^ a b "Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2011-11-11. 
  16. ^ Thomas P. DiNapoli and Kenneth B. Bleiwas. "An Economic Snapshot of Flushing, Queens". Office of the State Comptroller, New York City Public Information Office. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 
  17. ^ "MTA/New York City Transit Subway Line Information - Flushing-Main Street/Roosevelt Avenue". Retrieved 2010-04-15.