Corinthia

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For other uses, see Corinthia (disambiguation).
Corinthia
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Κορινθίας
Regional unit
Municipalities of Corinthia
Municipalities of Corinthia
Corinthia within Greece
Corinthia within Greece
Coordinates: 37°55′N 22°45′E / 37.917°N 22.750°E / 37.917; 22.750Coordinates: 37°55′N 22°45′E / 37.917°N 22.750°E / 37.917; 22.750
Country Greece
Region Peloponnese
Capital Corinth
Area
 • Total 2,290 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 145,082
 • Density 63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Postal codes 20x xx
Area codes 274x0
ISO 3166 code GR-15
Car plates ΚΡ

Corinthia (Greek: Κορινθία - Korinthía) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Peloponnese. It is situated around the city of Corinth, in the north-eastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula.

Geography[edit]

View of the Corinth Canal.
Landscape of Stymfalia with Mount Kyllini.

Corinthia borders on Achaea to the west and southwest, the Gulf of Corinth and Attica to the north, the Saronic Gulf to the east, Argolis to the south and Arcadia to the southwest.

The Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the Ionian and the Aegean seas, is about 4 km east of Corinth, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth. Corinthia is increasingly seen as part of the wider metropolitan area of Athens, with municipalities, such as Agioi Theodoroi in the easternmost part of the regional unit, being considered suburbs of Athens.

The area around Corinth and the western Saronic including the southeastern part are made up of fault lines including the Corinth Fault, the Poseidon Fault and a fault running from Perahcora to Agioi Theodoroi. More faults are near Kiras Vrysi and Sofiko.

The eastern coastlands of Corinthia are made up of pastures and farmlands where olives, grapes, tomatoes and vegetables are cultivated. The rest of Corinthia is mountainous. Its tallest mountain is Kyllini in its west and the largest lake is Lake Stymphalos situated in the southwest. The reservoir will become one of the largest lakes after its completion.

The climate of Corinthia consists of hot summers and mild winters in the coastal areas and somewhat colder winters with occasional snowfalls in the mountainous areas.

Administration[edit]

The regional unit Corinthia is subdivided into 6 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Prefecture[edit]

As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Corinthia was created out of the former prefecture Corinthia (Greek: Νομός Κορινθίας). The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Corinth (Korinthos) Assos-Lechaio Corinth
Corinth
Saronikos
Solygeia
Tenea
Loutraki-Agioi Theodoroi Agioi Theodoroi Loutraki
Loutraki-Perachora
Nemea Nemea Nemea
Sikyona Feneos Kiato
Sikyona
Stymfalia
Velo-Vocha Velo Zevgolateio
Vocha
Xylokastro-Evrostina Evrostina Xylokastro
Xylokastro

Population[edit]

Year Population
1991 132,129
2001 144,527
2011 145,082

Main towns and cities[edit]

The main cities and towns of Corinthia are (ranked by 2011 census population):

History[edit]

The ancient stadion of Nemea.
Ancient theatre of Sicyon.

From 1833 to 1899, the Corinthia prefecture included Argolis and was known as Argolidocorinthia. It included Hydra, Spetses and Kythira. Argolis joined Corinthia to reform Argolidocorinthia again in 1909. Forty years later, in 1949, the prefecture was finally separated from Argolis.

The highway was first paved at the turn of the 20th century. The mid to late-20th century saw the population shifting from agriculture to other jobs, as people migrated to larger towns and cities as well as other parts of the world. In the 1960s, the motorway GR-8A was constructed to handle the increasing traffic between Corinth and Athens and allow higher speed limits (60 km/h to 80 km/h). The section from the old Corinth interchange eastward in Corinthia was opened in 1962 and the section west of Corinth was added in 1969. The new highway had a significant effect on the local industry, as it lowered the cost of transportation of goods between Corinthia and the Athens metropolitan area.

In late 2006, the prefect of Corinthia announced the construction of a new dam, to be located 5 to 7 km south of Kiato and Sicyon, near Stimanika, over the Elissos River. It will be the second largest body of water (lakes, reservoirs) in Corinthia. The dam will be designed to withstand earthquakes and natural disasters, including flooding.

On July 17, 2007, a forest fire struck the area around the historic Acrocorinth and its castle.

Economy[edit]

The main sources of income are goods and services, manufacturing, tourism and agriculture.

Transport[edit]

Below are Coritnhia's road network.

Communications[edit]

  • Top Channel - Corinth

Culture[edit]

Notable attractions include Ancient Corinth with its acropolis, Acrocorinth, the Corinth Canal, the thermal springs of Loutraki, the archaeological sites of Nemea, Sicyon and the Heraion of Perachora.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]