Koriya

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This article is about the princely state in India. For its namesake district, see Koriya district.
Koriya State
Korea State
कोरिया
Princely State
16th century–1948

Flag of Koriya

Flag

Location of Koriya
Korya State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 -  Established 16th century
 -  Independence of India 1948
Area
 -  1941 4,224 km2 (1,631 sq mi)
Population
 -  1941 126,874 
Density 30 /km2  (77.8 /sq mi)
Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 369

Koriya State, also spelled as Korea, was a princely state of the British Empire of India.[1] After Indian independence in 1947, the ruler of Koriya acceded to the Union of India on 1 January 1948, and Koriya was made part of Surguja District of Central Provinces and Berar province. On January 1950, “Central Provinces and Berar” province was renamed Madhya Pradesh state. After November 2000, Koriya and the former princely state of Changbhakar became Koriya district of Chhattisgarh state.

Koriya had an area of 1,631 sq. miles and a population of 126,874 as of 1941.

Location[edit]

The state of Koriya, which included 400 villages, was in what is now Chhattisgarh state. It bordered Rewa to the north and alsoto the southwest; Surguja to the east; the British district of Bilaspur (Central Provinces) to the south; and Changbhakar to the west.

History[edit]

Koriya state was founded in the 17th century. The ruling family of Koriya were Rajputs of the Chauhan dynasty who came to Koriya from Rajputana in the 13th century and conquered the country. Before the coming of the Marathas, it is alleged that the rajas of Koriya “lived in perfect independence, and never having been necessitated to submit to the payment of any tribute, they had no occasion to oppress their subjects.” This situation changed in 1790, and Koriya had to pay tribute to the Marathas. Koriya also seems to have had some indefinite feudal relations with Surguja, but the British government ignored this claim when Koriya was ceded to them by the Bhonsle raja of Nagpur in 1818. On 24 Dec 1819 the state became a British protectorate. Upon the extinction of the direct line in 1897, a distant collateral branch of the ruling family was recognized as successor by the British Raj.[2]

In 1891, the Raj decided that the five states of the Surguja group (Surguja, Udaipur, Jashpur, Koriya, and Changbhakar), as well as the states of Bonai, Gangpur, Seraikela, and Kharsawan, formerly known as the Tributary Mahals of Chhota Nagpur, were not part of British India, and revised sanads were issued in 1899 formally recognizing them as feudatory states and defining their relations with the British Raj.[3]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of the state have apparently always held the title of 'Raja' and were so recognized by the British as early as 1819.[4]

Rajas[edit]

A car of Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo
Humber with landaulette body by Thrupp & Maberly, 1932
  • .... - .... Jit Rai Deo
  • .... - .... Sagar Sahi Deo
  • .... - .... Afhar Sahi Deo
  • .... - .... Jahan Sahi Deo
  • .... - .... Sawal Sahi Deo
  • .... - .... Gajraj Singh Deo
  • 1795 - Jun 1828 Gharib Singh Deo (b. 1745 - d. 1828)
  • Jun 1828 - 1864 Amole Singh Deo (b. 1785 - d. 1864)
  • 4 Apr 1864 - 1897 Pran Singh Deo (b. 1857/59 - d. 1897)
  • 1897 - 18 Nov 1909 Sheo Mangal Singh Deo (b. 1874 - d. 1909)
  • 18 Nov 1909 - 15 Aug 1947 Ramanuj Pratap Singh Deo (b. 1901 - d. 1954)
  • 18 Nov 1909 - Jan 1925 .... -Regent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korea (Princely State)
  2. ^ ड़ा.संजय अलंग-छत्तीसगढ़ की जनजातियाँ/Tribes और जातियाँ/Castes (मानसी पब्लीकेशन, दिल्ली) ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8
  3. ^ ड़ा.संजय अलंग-छत्तीसगढ़ की रियासतें और जमीन्दारियाँ (वैभव प्रकाशन, रायपुर) ISBN 81-89244-96-5
  4. ^ Princely States of India

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°44′N 81°49′E / 23.733°N 81.817°E / 23.733; 81.817