Location of Korkuteli within Turkey.
|• Mayor||Hasan Gökçe (MHP)|
|• District||2,535.59 km2 (979.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,020 m (3,350 ft)|
|• District density||20/km2 (52/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||(0090)+ 242+|
Korkuteli is a district of Antalya Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey, 56 km (35 mi) north-west of the city of Antalya. In ancient times it was called Isionda, Isindos, Pisinda, or Sinda.
Korkuteli is an area of small plains and hills in the Bey Dağları, the western range of the Taurus Mountains, overlooking the Mediterranean sea. There are two distinct geographical areas of Korkuteli, of equal size: the lowland area nearer the coast has a hot Mediterranean climate, while the larger area of lakes higher up is cooler and less humid. The high country is covered with pine forest, while the lowland is used for agriculture; crops include grains, pulses and vegetable oil-seeds. There are trout in Korkuteli reservoir and other small lakes.
Until recently economic activity in this district was basically herding sheep and goats on the hillsides, but since the 1960s investment in irrigation and machinery has generated a thriving fruit-growing industry, including many roadside stalls selling fruit to travellers en route to the Mediterranean coast. This is turn has led to better buildings and infrastructure in the town of Korkuteli and the villages in the district. There is no industry or large-scale trading. Korkuteli is a small town of 15,000 people providing high schools and other basic infrastructure to the district.
The countryside is attractive and Antalya's middle-classes are building holiday homes in Korkuteli, a place to escape the summer heat on the coast. The local delicacy is 'burnt ice-cream', made of goats-milk.
In antiquity this area was known as Isinda and was part of Pisidia, and coinage was made here. It was a suffragan of Perge. Like nearby Termessos, Isinda was a remote mountain stronghold, the people worshipped Zeus himself and even managed to resist the siege of Alexander the Great.
Pisidia later became a province of the Roman Empire, and subsequently the Byzantine Empire. Roman/Byzantine buildings in Korkuteli include the priest's house (Keşiş evi) and Latin inscription in the walls of the building that later became the Hamidoglu Medrese.
Lequien gives the names of five Isindan bishops who assisted at the Ecumenical Councils of Nicaea, Ephesus, Chalcedon and Constantinople (553), and at the Photian synod in 878. Isinda is still a titular see in the Catholic Church.
The area was taken from the Byzantines by the Seljuk Turks of Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev I in 1207, and was used as a summer residence by the local Seljuk rulers. Seljuk architecture in Korkuteli includes the mosque of Sultan Alaadin and some Turkish baths and tombs.
Upon the decline of the Seljuks in the early 14th century the area became a stronghold of the Beylik of Teke and then the Hamidid clan of nearby Isparta. Finally the district was brought within the Ottoman Empire by Bayezid I in 1392.
The district has a population of 50430 according to the 2010 census. The town itself has 20.508 inhabitants. Korkuteli has 6 municipalities (Bozova, Büyükköy, Çomaklı, Küçükköy, Yelten and Yeşilyayla) and 47 villages.
The population of inhabited places are shown in the table (Municipalities are shown in bold)
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Oriens Christ., I, 1033
- Siméon Vailhé, "Isionda" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1913)
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 910
- Statistical Institute