||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (February 2009)|
|• Mayor||Joachim Wolf|
|• Total||20.71 km2 (8.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||304 m (997 ft)|
|• Density||890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0711 (Korntal), 07150 (Münchingen)|
Korntal-Münchingen is a town in the district of Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated at the northwestern border of Stuttgart and 8 km of its centre, and 10 km southwest of Ludwigsburg. Korntal was begun in the 19th Century when King Wilhelm of Württemberg permitted a group of Württemberg Pietists to erect a settlement based on the settlement congregations of the Herrnhuter Bruedergemeine or Moravian Church.
Korntal-Münchingen is in the Strohgäu, at elevations between 285 and 405 meters. It lies directly on the northwestern border of Stuttgart.
Korntal-Münchingen was created from the merger of the city Korntal and the community Münchingen. It is divided into three districts: Korntal, Münchingen, and Kallenberg. The official designation of the districts is Korntal-Münchingen, area Korntal; Korntal-Münchingen, area Münchingen; Korntal-Münchingen, area Kallenberg. Area Korntal consists of the former city of Korntal, and area Münchingen consists of the former village of Münchingen. Area Kallenberg consists of the former settlements of Birkach, Leinfelden, Rugelberc, and Glemsmühle.
The present city was founded on 1 January 1975, in the course of district reform in Baden-Württemberg, when the city of Korntal and the community of Münchingen were combined.
The district Korntal was first documented in 1297 in the records of Sindelfingen. Korntal was an estate until 1819. In 1819 the town of Korntal was founded as a civic-religious community on the model of the communities established in Germany by the Moravian Church. In connection with the construction of the Great Hall of Württemberg, William I of Württemberg granted certain special rights to the community. These were lost in 1919 with the Weimar constitution; at this time the community was no longer connected to the Moravian Church. In 1868, Korntal station was opened on the Black Forest Railway between Zuffenhausen and Calw. On 30 June 1958, the community of Korntal gained the status of a city.
Münchingen was first documented in 1130 in the "Zwiefalter Chronicle", and was ceded in 1336 by the sons of Ulrich von Asperg to Count Ulrich of Württemberg. St. Catharine's Hospital was built in 1278 and a mill was built in 1381. In 1558 the "old" Münchinger Castle was built; the "new" castle was built in 1735. During the Thirty Years' War, a large part of the village was destroyed. The first courthouse was built in 1599 and was rebuilt in 1687. The St. John's Lutheran Church was newly built from 1645 to 1650. A new school was built in 1645, and then rebuilt in 1743-1744. In 1906, Münchingen received a rail connection (Strohgäubahn), a single-track regional train from Feuerbach to Weissach.
Korntal-Münchingen is twinned with:
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.