Koromo Domain

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reconstructed yagura of Koromo Castle

Koromo Domain (挙母藩 Koromo han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in was is now the modern-day city of Toyota in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It was centered on Koromo Castle.

History[edit]

A fortification was built near the present site of Koromo Castle during the Kamakura period, and the area was contested in the Sengoku period between the Imagawa clan and the Oda clan. After the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, the Miyake clan (formerly of Tahara were allowed to return to Mikawa and were assigned a 10,000 koku domain on the banks of the Yasaku River. In 1600, Miyake Yasusada built a jin'ya fortified residence approximately a kilometer away from the site of the original fortification, and planted sakura trees all around it. The residence was nicknamed "Sakura-jō " (桜城?).

The Miyake moved the seat of their domain to Kameyama Domain in Ise Province in 1619, but returned to Koromo from 1636-1674. After 1674, they were finally allowed to return to their ancestral Tahara Domain. Koromo then became tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate through appointed daikan administrators to 1688.

In 1688, a branch of the Honda clan was transferred to Koromo from Ishikawa Domain in Mutsu Province, remaining to 1749 when it was transferred to Sagara Domain. The Honda were replaced by a branch of the Naitō clan from Annaka Domain in Kōzuke Province. The Naitō ruled for the next 120 years until the Meiji restoration, and were allowed to construct the modest castle, Koromo Castle as their headquarters. Two of the Naitō clan daimyō, Masanari and Masahiro, were adopted into the family; they were the elder brothers of Ii Naosuke.

From 1836-1838, the domain suffered from crop failures and famine, which led to a number of large-scale peasant’s uprisings. In 1854, the town was largely destroyed by the 1854 Ansei earthquake, and entered into the Bakumatsu period impoverished and with a minor as daimyō. The Ee ja nai ka movement found strong support in the domain. Although the domain dispatched some troops to guard the Tōkaidō and Sunpu Castle during the Boshin War, these troops surrendered to the new Meiji government without resistance.

After the abolition of the han system in July 1871, the domain became “Koromo Prefecture”, which later became part of Nukata Prefecture, and finally Aichi Prefecture.

Koromo Domain was not a single contiguous territory, but consisted of 25 villages in Kamo District and 6 villages neighboring Shitara District in Mikawa, and 12 villages in Kumehokujo District, Mimasaka Province, 8 villages in Shūchi District, and Haibara District, both in Totomi Province.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Miyake Yasusada ( 三宅康貞?) 1604–1619 -none- Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
2 Miyake Yasunobu ( 三宅康信?) 1620–1632 Echigo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
3 Miyake Yasumori ( 三宅康盛?) 1632–1636 Daizen-no-suke Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
4 Miyake Yasukatsu ( 三宅康勝?) 1658–1664 Noto-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
  1. Toriyama Kiyotoshi
  2. Toriyama Kiyoaki
  3. Toriyama Kiyomoto
  4. Toriyama Kiyonaga
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Honda Tadatoshi ( 本多忠利?) 1681–1700 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
2 Honda Tadatsugu (Koromo) ( 本多忠次?) 1700–1711 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
3 Honda Tadanaga ( 本多忠央?) 1711–1749 Nagato-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Naitō Masamitsu ( 内藤政苗?) 1749–1766 Tamba-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
2 Naitō Satobumi ( 内藤学文?) 1766–1794 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
3 Naitō Masamichi ( 内藤政峻?) 1794–1813 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
4 Naitō Masanari ( 内藤政成?) 1813–1830 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
5 Naitō Masahiro ( 内藤政優?) 1830–1851 Tamba-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
6 Naitō Masabumi ( 内藤政文?) 1851–1858 Yamashiro-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
7 Naitō Masanari ( 内藤政成?) 1858–1871 Tamba-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku

References[edit]

Coordinates: 35°04′49.33″N 137°09′02.48″E / 35.0803694°N 137.1506889°E / 35.0803694; 137.1506889