Koroneia, Boeotia

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Koroneia
Κορώνεια
Location
Koroneia is located in Greece
Koroneia
Koroneia
Coordinates 38°21′N 22°58′E / 38.350°N 22.967°E / 38.350; 22.967Coordinates: 38°21′N 22°58′E / 38.350°N 22.967°E / 38.350; 22.967
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Greece
Regional unit: Boeotia
Municipality: Livadeia
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 3,170
Community
 - Population: 386
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Auto: ΒΙ

Koroneia (Greek: Κορώνεια, before 1915: Κουτουμουλάς - Koutoumoulas[2]) is a village and a former municipality in Boeotia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Livadeia, of which it is a municipal unit.[3] The population of the municipal unit was 3,170 at the 2011 census.[1]

Geography[edit]

The municipal unit Koroneia consists of the following communities: Agios Georgios (the seat of the former municipality), Agia Anna, Agia Triada, Alalkomenes and Koroneia. The community Koroneia consists of the villages Koroneia and Agia Paraskevi.

The village Koroneia is situated at the northern foot of the Helicon Mountains. It is 11 km southeast of Livadeia.

Population history[edit]

Year Population community Population municipal unit
1991 899 -
2001 597 4,625
2011 386 3,170

History[edit]

Koroneia was named after the ancient town Coroneia (Ancient Greek: Κορώνεια). According to tradition, Coroneia was founded by Coronus, son of Thersander and brother of Haliartus.[4] It was also said to have been founded by Boeotians from the town Arne in Thessaly.[5] In the 447 BCE Battle of Coronea, Athenian forces under Tolmides defeated the Boeotians. In the 394 BCE Battle of Coronea a force of Spartans and their allies under King Agesilaus II defeated a force of Thebans and Argives. In the Third Sacred War (356 BC–346 BC) Coroneia was twice taken by the Phocians under Onomarchus.[5] Pausanias, who travelled through the area in the second century AD, found an altar of Hermes Epimelius and an altar to the winds in the market place of Coroneia. A little lower down was a sanctuary of Hera.[4]

The village Koutoumoulas was first mentioned in 1756. After the Greek War of Independence, the village was the seat of a shortlived (1835-1840) municipality Koroneia. Between 1840 and 1912 it was the seat of the municipality Petra. In 1912 Koutoumoulas became an independent community, which was renamed to Koroneia in 1915. This community became part of the larger municipality Koroneia in 1997, which became part of the municipality of Livadeia in 2010.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  4. ^ a b Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.34
  5. ^ a b  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Coroneia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 
  6. ^ EETAA local government changes