Koryo-mar, Goryeomal or Koryŏmal ( Hangul: 고려말; Russian: Корё маль; Standard Korean: 중앙아시아 한국어, literally ) is the dialect of the Korean language spoken by the Central Asian Korean language Koryo-saram, ethnic Koreans in the former USSR. It is descended from the Hamgyŏng dialect. Koryo-saram often report difficulty understanding speakers of standard Korean; this may be compounded by the fact that the majority of Koryo-saram today use Russian and not Korean as their mother tongue. [1 ]
Orthography [ edit ]
The Koryo-saram do not generally use Koryo-mar as a literary language; written Korean during Soviet period tended to follow the
North Korean standard, while after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, both Northern and Southern forms have occurred. However, some modern writers, most notably Lavrenti Son, have created plays and short stories in Koryo-mar, written using the Hangul alphabet. [2 ]
A movement for the
latinization of Koryo-mar took place in the late 1930s, promoted by various government officials and linguists, but it did not have much success. [3 ]
Pedagogy [ edit ]
Koryo-mar is not taught as a subject or used as the
medium of instruction in any schools. The Korean language as taught in universities of the former USSR is that of North or South Korea, with instructors being native to or trained in one of those countries. In one instance, a South Korean professor tried to teach Koryo-mar at Almaty State University, but he did not achieve much success. [4 ]
References [ edit ]
^ Khan, Valeriy Sergeevich. "Koreans and the Poly-ethnic Environment in Central Asia: The Experience of Eurasianism". Seoul: Academy of Korean Studies . Retrieved 2006-11-20.
^ Kim, Phil. "Forced Deportation and Literary Imagination". Seoul: Academy of Korean Studies. Archived from the original on 2005-07-29 . Retrieved 2006-11-20.
^ Kim, German. "The History, Culture, and Language of Koryo Saram" (PDF). Seoul: Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies . Retrieved 2012-08-08.
^ Kim, German. "Korean Diaspora in Kazakhstan: Question of Topical Problems for Minorities in Post-Soviet Space" (PDF). Almaty: Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences.
See also [ edit ]