Kosal state movement
A movement is continuing in the “Kosal region” of India for creation of a separate state from the existing state of Orissa. People of this region are demanding a politically separate Kosal state or Paschimanchal from Orissa. The demand for ‘Kosal state’ in Orissa is becoming intense day by day. Political parties, intelligentsia and various social organisations are coming together for this cause. The growing popular support for Kosal movement in Orissa is frequently capturing news headlines of both state and national print and visual media. It is significant that the Kosal state demand is coming from all the places of Kosal region simultaneously. As per media, public protests and submission of memorandums to the government are reported in Athamallick, Balangir, Bargarh, Boudh, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Sambalpur and Sonepur.
Sundargarh district, which is shown as a part of proposed Kosal state, has many things in common with other districts of Western Orissa. It is a tribal dominated district like the adjacent districts of Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj,Sambalpur, Balangir & Kalahandi too. Tribal languages, tribal culture, tribal traditions are quite different from non tribal language (Sambalpuri) and culture of Western Orissa, Still the market language of whole of Sundargarh district, like any other districts or parts of Koshal areas, is Sambalpuri/Koshali. Only Kudmi people of Sundargarh district have the same culture, traditions and languages as that of the people of Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj districts of Orissa and the people of Jharkhand. The tribal language of Santali is constitutionally recognised, which is also used in Sundargarh. Sundargarh district was under the Commissioner of Chota Nagpur Division up to 1905 but other parts of Western Orissa were under Chhattisgarh Division. Sundargarh district joined Orissa only in 1948. Sundargarh district is included in the “Western Orissa Development Council” (WODC), because of underdevelopment, it ts a part of proposed Kosal state. Tribal of Sundargarh district along with tribal of Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj districts are demanding the inclusion of Sundargarh, Deogarh, Jharsuguda, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj districts and Sambalpur district in Jharkhand and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, which has a considerable support base in Orissa, But more & more people are habitually inclined for the formation of a separate state of kosal. is spearheading a movement for this purpose. Sundergarh District is adjacent to Keonjhar & Deogarh Districts of Odisha where people speaks in tribal and odia languages only not in Koshali language. Also in Deogarh District 70% of people never speaks in Koshali language. Further culture & traditions of most people of Deogarh & Sundergarh districts of Odisha is not similar to districts of Undivided Sambalpur & Bolangir Districts.Sundergarh District is earlier a part of Chotnagpur Division and also formed out of two ancient states of Gangpur & Bonai.Further about 40% to 50% peoples of Bolangir & sambalpur Districts speaks in Oriya not in Sambalpuri because they are brought from Coastal regions by then Kings of Bolangir,Kalahandi & Bamanda states and their culures are similar to that of Coastal area people.So Sundergarh & Deogarh districts cannot be considered as part of Koshal State which can be proved by public mandate.
- 1 Origin of the separate statehood demand
- 2 Reasons for the demand of a separate Kosal State
- 3 Early developments on Kosal state and Balgopal Mishra
- 4 Developments between 2005 and 2009: demand by Kosal Kranti Dal and other organisations
- 5 Activities in 2010
- 6 Protest against observation of Utkal divas, and continuous neglect and exploitation
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Origin of the separate statehood demand
The demand for the Kosal state in Orissa has risen mostly because of the prolonged underdevelopment and backwardness of this region. The state government is not doing enough for the development of Koshal region, although this area is full of mineral and natural resources. In the case of Orissa the process of economic growth has been regionally lopsided during the last fifty years. The coastal region has benefited mostly from the economic policies pursued by the state, the Kosal region remains neglected, marginalised, and deprived WODC : Western Orissa Development Council. The regional imbalances has been such an extent that the news of starvation death, child-selling for rice, large-scale illiteracy, malnutrition, distressed out-migration, etc., have come to be the characteristics of Koshal region.
To balance the regional imbalance between coastal Orissa and Koshal region, Orissa Government has established a Western Orissa Development Council (WODC). However, the budget allotted to this council is a small fraction of the total budget of Orissa. With this small fraction of budget a large Koshal region will never develop like coastal Orissa. Similarly politics is being played for KBK and WODC headquarters. KBK and WODC headquarters are located in the state capital Bhubaneswar, instead of locating these headquarters in Koshal region.
Reasons for the demand of a separate Kosal State
As listed in the links an extensive research on these issues has been carried out.Regional Imbalance of Western Orissa in Brief | Kosal. Following are some of the reasons for the demand of a separate Kosal state.
The incidence of chronic poverty in Kosal coupled with government failures in addressing its rising trends has been the most important factor for the demand for a separate state in Orissa. Majority of Kosli people lacked minimum purchasing power to meet even square meals per day. In the infamous backward districts of Kosal region (Boudh, Sonepur, Balangir, Nuapada, and Kalahandi) more than 60% persons live below the poverty line. Sonepur, Balangir, Nuapada, and Kalahandi are also part of Kalahandi Balangir Koraput (KBK) area famous for deaths due to hunger and poverty. Recurrent droughts, inadequate irrigation, skewed land distribution, and a rigged market all together have made Kosal a ‘hunger belt’ in Orissa over the half century since Independence. The results have been a human-disaster including large-scale starvation deaths, child selling, out-migration and malnourishments serialised by various Indian as well as international newspapers.
Industrialization and environmental degradation
Most of the farmers of Kosal region are marginal and uneducated farmers with small land holdings. So, it is easy for the industries to grab the land as small farmers are always eager to sell their land because of money without understanding the long term consequences. With the problems faced in land acquisition in Coastal Orissa many new industries are starting in Jharsuguda region.
Kosal region is largely suffering due to mining and environmental degradation, but world class institutions are established in Costal Orissa instead of Kosal region. Mining, tribal displacement and environmental degradation are caused by Vedanta group in Kalahandi but world class Vedanta University is being established in Puri instead of Kalahandi. Similarly POSCO is given mining in Sundergarh but one of the largest steel plant by POSCO is coming in Paradeep instead of Sundergarh. Belpahar, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur and Brajarajnagar region is suffering due to coal mining, but state Govt. has ignored this region and pursued the coal ministry to establish Medical College in Talcher region. It is reported that farmers from more than eight district of Kosal region depend on the water of Hirakud resorvoir. There is a gowing anger among the farmers of this are as the industries are using a huge amount of water from the Hirakud resorvoir. Frequently, farmers are also protesting saying "Hirakud dam is for irrigation, not industry".
Less access to health services
There is only one Govt medical college (VSS medical college) in Kosal region. The hospital is lifeline for the people of Athmallik, Sambalpur, Jharsuguda, Bargarh, Boudh, Balangir, Sonepur, Deogarh, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Sundargarh region. Even people from four neighbouring districts of Chhattisgarh are dependant.
Distinction of Kosli language
The Kosli language is spoken in Kosal, but is not yet recognised by the state or union governments. This language was first named as "KOSLI" by Kosal ratna late Pandit Prayag Dutta Joshi and he declared that
"ପୁନଃ ପୁନଃ ଘୋସୟାମୀ ପ୍ରସୃନ୍ବନ୍ତୁ ମନିସିଣଃ ସ୍ଵତନ୍ତ୍ର କୋସଲୀ ଭାସା ନୋପ ଭାସା କଦାଚନ"
(Punah punah ghosayami Prasrunwantu manishina, Swatantraa Kosli bhasa, Nopa bhasa kadachana)
However, Oriya language expert feels that Kosli is a separate language and it is not a dialect of Oriya. Koshli has its unique grammar and epic like Mahabharata and Ramayan etc. are available in this language. For instance, noted litterateur, translator and scholar Hemachandra Acharya is popularly known as the Balmiki of Kosli literature for his translation of The Ramayana into Kosli. Information on Grammar book like "Samalpuri kosali byākaraṇa" by Nilamadhab Panigrahi is available on the web. Also, many magazines and periodicals are available in Kosli language.
Though some people are advocating for Separate Kosal state on the basis of language which is quiet different from coastal region Orissa but termed as Oriya by the local people since ages. But some of the population of Western Orissa does not wants to lose their identity as Oriya and termed themselves as Kosali, even though there is historical significance to Koshal or Koshali race related to Western Orissa. As per Indian history Koshal is Awadh region of UP and western region of Bihar and Dakhin Kosal is Chattisgarh state with ancient Sripur as Capital. As per linguistic division Kosali term is used for eastern Hindi language group which includes language of Eastern UP, western Bihar and Chattisgarhi. But Historian now opine that, since no other parts of the erstwhile Kosal are claiming themselves as Kosal or Koshalanchal, the dakshin Kosal region in history & the present political Western Orissa can be accepted as Koshal.
Early developments on Kosal state and Balgopal Mishra
It is said that the demand of a separate Kosal state is more than three decades old.[who?] The demand was raised by many politicians like RN Singh Deo, former CM of Orissaa. A former Lawyer of Supreme Court P.R. Dubey demanded for a separate state for Kosal region. In 'Kosal Khabar' he propounded the Solutions to carve a separate state to end the discriminations by coastal people on the Kosalites. He was instrumental in some protest programmes. Than, It was spearheaded by former BJP MLA Balgopal Mishra though the State and Central units of the party never supported it publicly. As reported in "The Indian Express" the then Orissa PCC president Hemananda Biswal had strongly opposed the demand of a separate Kosal state. Addressing the media persons he told in Bhubaneswar that, "the Congress party is committed to the establishment of the Western Orissa Development Council (WODC) and the Bill in this connection is pending before the legislature". Balgopal Mishra reacted to it saying "there is a growing demand for a separate state in Kosal; it was regrettable that the newly elected MP and some legislators of Bolangir district had failed to see the writing on the wall".
Mr. Mishra is famous for his `Kosal Mukti Rath' to generate public opinion in favour of his demand. He generated a lot of public support for a separate Kosal state despite a stiff opposition from the ruling party. Sapan Mishra of Sambalpur, along with some dedicated youth chalked out a rout-map for 'Kosal Mukti Rath'traversing the length & breadth of Kosal region, which ultimately made it a mass movement from a class movement. Later 'Kosal Rayej Kriyanusthan Committee' was formed which also fought Orissa State Assembly & Lok Sabha Election for the cause.
In an interview to The Hindu Mishra said: "The Kosal region will include at least 10 districts of western Orissa and adjoining areas that continue to be extremely backward and poverty-stricken. These are Bolangir, Nuapada, Sonepur, Sambalpur, Bargarh, Jharsugudha, Devgarh, Kalahandi Sundergarh, Bodh, Dhenkanal. "Though British imperialism has ended, we are still under coastal colonisation he said". Also, he arugued that Kosal region has been thoroughly discriminated as compared to the coast belt. All the development had taken place in the coastal region and it is politicians from that side who have dominated the political scene of the State. While here, were have been deprived and oppressed," he said in the interview.
In 2004 the then Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani told reporters in Balangir that India could consider the demand for creation of a separate Kosal state only if the Orissa Assembly passed a resolution in this regard claiming "a consensus is needed in this matter".
Developments between 2005 and 2009: demand by Kosal Kranti Dal and other organisations
Various political parties are demanding the formation of a new Kosal state comprising the most backward districts of Kosal. In particular, political parties and organisations like Kosal Kranti Dal, Koshli Ekta Manch, Kosal Party, Orissa Sanskrutika Samaj, Kosal Rajya Sangharsha Samiti, Hirakhanda Mukti Morcha, Kosal Mukti Morcha, Veer Surendra Sai Manch and All Kosal Students Union (AKSU) are spearheading the separate Kosal state demand.
For the first time a sitting MP from the Indian National Congress party (Sambalpur) and former minister Shri Amarnath Pradhan warned that "If the State Government continued to neglect Kosal then we will not hesitate to demand a separate state".
In a recent development,[when?] Sambalpur University Student Union, Rajendra College Balangir Student Union and Balangir Women's College Union have supported demands for a separate Koshal state. In addition, the bar associations in Sambalpur and Balangir have demanded the formation of a separate Koshal state. Frequently, bandhs[clarification needed] are observed in various places of Koshal region demanding a Koshal state. Activists have distributed maps of the proposed Koshal state and torn up the Orissa map as a symbolic declaration of separation from Orissa.
On 23 December 2009 thousands of members of the Kosal Kranti Dal (KKD) staged a demonstration near the Orissa assembly building. The separatist supporters marched on the main street of the capital city Bhubaneswar. Later they gathered to hear dozens of leaders speak about the apathy of the state and central governments towards Kosal. According to The Statesman, the protest dharna[clarification needed] was led by the KKD's president, Pramod K Mishra; other leaders of the party addressed the protestors exhorting them to launch a mass movement for separate statehood. The KKD's head Pramod Mishra said “We have separate Kosali language. Our culture and traditions are different. Our regions are the poorest in India despite having huge mineral and forest wealth. Only a separate Kosal state can improve the condition of our people”.
On 27 December 2009, The Pioneer published an article claiming that senior BJD leader and Minister AU Singh Deo was against demands for a Kosal state. Addressing the BJD foundation day in Bhubaneswar, Singh Deo said the demand for a Kosal State gained momentum as the past Congress Governments had neglected the interests of Kosal. “They had only allotted Rs 1 crore for the Kosal region’s development. But our BJD Government gave Rs 50 crore for the first time to the Western Orissa Development Council (WODC) and then enhanced it to Rs 100 crore,” he said.
Activities in 2010
After this the members of All Kosal Students' union led by convener Dolamani Pradhan held a demonstration before the Collectorate in Balangir town protesting against the anti-Kosal remark by AU Singh Deo, Western Orissa Development Council (WODC)'s chairman Prof. Niranjan Panda and Chief Minister of Orissa Naveen Patnaik and later burnt their effigies.
As reported by IANS, the rail services in Orissa were affected on 10 January 2010 (Sunday) as activists of Kosal Kranti Dal blocked the tracks to press the demand for a separate Kosal state. Hundreds of activists blocked rail tracks at many places of western Orissa, including at Balangir, Bargarh, Boinda, Rourkela and Kesinga, as part of their agitation. Similar agitations are also reported from Sambalpur and Jharsuguda where Kosal activists demanded a "separate state any cost". It was also reported that more than hundred of protestors courted arrest at Balangir town and the party leader of Kosal Kranti Dal Mr. Pramod Mishra said they will hold more such agitations in the coming days. Pramod Mishra also said that "We were forced to merge with Orissa in 1948. What this region has got after 60 years of merger? Only acute poverty and backwardness. On Tuesday, 19 January 2010 The Pioneer BBSR edition reported about the allegation of CPI(M) State secretary Janardan Pati that the indifference on the parts of the two main political parties in the State, the BJD and the Congress, over the issue is encouraging the demands of separate states. It was reported that members of the Kosal Kranti Dal and All Kosal Students’ Union, held Rasta Roko at different places on the Bargarh-Borigumma section of National Highway-201 and at Puintala on the Khurda-Balangir section of NH-224 for three hours from 10 am to 1 pm on Sunday (14 February 2010) for demanding a separate Kosal State. The Kosali Ekta Manch staged a road blockade on National highway-201 in Bhawanipatna; it also demanded a Central University in Kalahandi, and appointment of Shiksha Sahayaks as a district cadre and a by-pass road in the district.
Protest against observation of Utkal divas, and continuous neglect and exploitation
Members of the Kosal Kranti Dal (KKD) and people of western Orissa led by the Balangir district president Bharat Prusti and general secretary of the All Kosal Students’ Union Mr. Dolamani Pradhan, protested against the “continuous neglect and exploitation” by the Orissa government and demanded formation of a separate Kosal State. The demonstrator tore the map of Orissa and burned a CD containing the song Bande Utkal Janani. the Kosal Kranti Dal (KKD) also organised a massive rally and meeting which was attended by delegates from eleven districts of western Orissa. The president of KKD Pramod Mishra informed that the people have gathered here to protest against their continuous exploitation by the successive Governments at Bhubaneswar. He further said that Kosli, not Oriya is our mother tongue as well as language of the Kosal region.
- Cong view on Kosal state
- Koshli Ekta Manch supporting separate state demand[dead link]
- "LK Advani Speaking about Koshal state issue". The Indian Express. India. 14 April 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "BJP legislator spearheads Koshal slogan". The Hindu. India. 7 March 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Demand for Koshal State mars Yatra". Hinduonnet.com. 14 April 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Stir for 'Koshal State' to be intensified". The Hindu. India. 20 October 2003. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Rally demands Koshal on Orissa Day [dead link]
- Kranti Dal releases manifesto of promises
- "Koshal State at any cost, claim activists". Kddf.wordpress.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Kosal Kranti Dal holds rally in support for Kosal state [dead link]
- "KKD demand separate Kosal state". India-server.com. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Thousand people of Western Orissa rally in support of Kosal state". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Members of the Koshal Kranti Dal Friday demonstrated before the office of the Additional District Magistrate (ADM) demanding formation of a separate "Koshal state".[dead link]
- "Koshal state in Orissa gains momentum". Dnaindia.com. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Demand for Kosal may be renewed
- "Hon'ble Members of Orissa Legislative Assembly". As.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Orissa JMM MLA supports Soren's call for greater Jharkhand". News.oneindia.in. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Demand to include Sambalpur, Sundegarh, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar in ‘Greater Jharkhand’ « Kosal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. 1 October 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Bhanja Sena calls for Mayurbhanja bandh tomorrow". News.oneindia.in. 17 August 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Other States / West Bengal News : Activists to launch movement for ‘Greater Jharkhand'". The Hindu. India. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Soren meets PM, submits 13-point demand list – Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 20 July 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Shibu Soren re-elected Jharkhand Mukti Morcha supremo – India – DNA". Dnaindia.com. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Election Result Mirrors Unequal Growth within Orissa, Oriya Column". Orissadiary.com. 27 May 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Budget of Regional Balance in Orissa, Oriya Column". Orissadiary.com. 14 June 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "WODC : Western Orissa Development Council". Wodcorissa.org. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Orissa: Budget for regional balance required
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Fraction for regional balance in State Budget just political eyewash[dead link]
- "MP Bhakta Das and Sanjaya Bhoi points out reasons for Koshal state demand in parliament « Koshal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. 17 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "null – Jaya Prakash Pradhan". Google. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Starvation deaths continue, as officials demur[dead link]
- "Quit, Patnaik: Oppn on Balangir deaths". Hindustan Times. India. 25 February 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Hunger and democracy". Hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "30,000 farmers demand Hirakud dam water". India Environment Portal. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> VSS College Hospital gets full autonomy[dead link]
- "Veer Surendra Sai Medical College may become an autonomous college or a Unitary University « Kosal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. 22 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- PTI (1 December 2009). "The Hindu : News / National : Requests to include 38 languages in Constitution pending: Govt". Beta.thehindu.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Koshli is a distinct language: Oriya language scholar « Kosal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Koshli is a distinct language:Parameshwar Mund « Kosal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Other States / Orissa News : Litterateur Hemachandra Acharya passes away". The Hindu. India. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Samalpuri kosali byākaraṇa (Open Library)[dead link]
- "List of Kosali Magazine". Navratnanews.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Cong flays demand for Kosal state
- "BJP legislator spearheads Kosal slogan". The Hindu. India. 7 March 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- The Hindu : National / Elections 2004 : Candidate Watch[dead link]
- "Kosal state only if Orissa wants: Advani". The Indian Express. India. 14 April 2004. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Demand of Koshal state « Koshal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Contemparary News & Features
- http://18.104.22.168/presentation/leftnavigation/news/india/rs-10,000-cr-chavan-package-for-vidharba.aspx[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Kosal Dal holds demo in support of separate State
- Congress MP demands separate W Orissa state | Balgopal Mishra | Sambalpur Amarnath Pradhan | Indian Express
- "Kosal is our birth right". Orissadiary.com. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Kosal activists tear Orissa map students boycott classes[dead link]
- Koshal state: Lawyers up the ante | SBA | Pradeep Bohidar | Indian Express
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Balangir Bar extends support for Kosal State[dead link]
- "Maps of separate Kosala state distributed in Orissa". Thaindian.com. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Orissa’s Burla turns another Osmania Varsity
- http://in.news.yahoo.com/43/20091223/818/tnl-thousands-stage-rally-for-a-separate.html[dead link]
- Thousands stage rally for a separate Kosal state [newkerala.com, United States, 17114][dead link]
- "Kosal Kranti Dal stages protest for separate Kosal state « Kosal Discussion and Development Forum". Kddf.wordpress.com. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- [http://www.thestatesman.net/page.news.php?clid=9&theme=&usrsess=1&id=278899[dead link]
- http://naxatranews.com/news_view.php?news_id=23382[dead link]
- South Asia Mail[dead link]
- "Thousands stage rally for a separate Kosal state | World Latest News – fast and latest news". World Latest News. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Thousands stage rally for a separate Kosal state". Blog.taragana.com. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Thousands stage rally for a separate Kosal state". Sify.com. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- [http://onespot.wsj.com/indian-politics/2009/12/23/a/553236912-thousands-stage-rally-for-a/[dead link]
- Telangana News : Orissa�s Regional Party Demands For Separate Kosal State[dead link]
- Tathya.in[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> BJD against formation of Kosal state[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> BJD vice president seeks special package for Western Orissa[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Effigies of Naveen Singh Deo burnt in Balangir[dead link]
- "Strike seeking separate Kosala state hits rail services". Thaindian.com. 10 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Kosal State at any cost claim activists[dead link]
- [http://in.news.yahoo.com/43/20100110/836/tbs-strike-seeking-separate-kosala-state.html[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Kosal activists stage rail roko in Balangir demand separate State[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> CPM against separate States in Orissa[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Kosal Dal holds Rasta Roko seeks separate State[dead link]
- The Pioneer :: Home : >> Kosal body blocks road in Kalahandi[dead link]
- Kosal outfit tears Orissa map, demands separate State[dead link]
- Demand of Kosal State regains vigour[dead link]
- Demand for Koshal State gains momentum in Orissa
- History of Kosal state
- Website on Kosal
- Western Orissa and The Demand of Separate State of Kosal
- Rath stumbles on Koshal bump
- List of proposed states in India
- Cry for Kosal