Kosmos 1278 ( Russian: Космос 1278 meaning Cosmos 1278) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1981 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors. [2 ]
Kosmos 1278 was launched from
Site 43/3 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR. A [3 ] Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 19:37 UTC on 19 June 1981. The launch successfully placed the satellite into a [3 ] molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1981-058A. The [4 ] United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 12547. [4 ]
It self-destructed in December 1986
and re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 2 September 2000. [1 ] [4 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (pdf). Science and Global Security 10: 21–60. doi: 10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882.
^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08 . Retrieved 2012-04-21.
^ a b c McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page . Retrieved 2 May 2012.
^ a b c d e f g h McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page . Retrieved 30 April 2012.