Kosmos 135

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Kosmos 135
Mission type Micrometeoroid research
COSPAR ID 1966-112A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-U2-MP
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 280 kilograms (620 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 12 December 1966, 20:37:59 (1966-12-12UTC20:37:59Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63SM
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/1
End of mission
Decay date 12 April 1967 (1967-04-13)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 251 kilometres (156 mi)
Apogee 604 kilometres (375 mi)
Inclination 48.4 degrees
Period 93.12 minutes

Kosmos 135 (Russian: Космос 135 meaning Cosmos 135), also known as DS-U2-MP No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1966 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 280-kilogram (620 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to investigate micrometeoroids and particles of dust in space.[2]

A Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 135 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[3] The launch occurred at 20:37:59 GMT on 12 December 1966, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1966-112A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 02612.

Kosmos 135 was the first of two DS-U2-MP satellites to be launched, the other being Kosmos 163.[2][6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 251 kilometres (156 mi), an apogee of 604 kilometres (375 mi), 48.4 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 93.12 minutes.[7] It decayed from its orbit and reentered the atmosphere on 12 April 1967.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-MP". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  5. ^ "Cosmos 135". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-MP". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-23.