Kosmos 137

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Kosmos 137
Mission type Magnetospheric
COSPAR ID 1966-117A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-U2-D
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 237 kilograms (522 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 21 December 1966, 13:11:59 (1966-12-21UTC13:11:59Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63S1
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/1
End of mission
Decay date 23 November 1967 (1967-11-24)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 221 kilometres (137 mi)
Apogee 1,622 kilometres (1,008 mi)
Inclination 48.8 degrees
Period 103.45 minutes

Kosmos 137 (Russian: Космос 137 meaning Cosmos 137), also known as DS-U2-D No.1, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1966 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 237-kilogram (522 lb) spacecraft,[1] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to investigate charged particles in the Earth's magnetosphere.[2]

A Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 137 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar.[3] The launch occurred at 13:11:59 GMT on 21 December 1966, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1966-117A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 02627.

Kosmos 137 was the first of two DS-U2-D satellites to be launched,[2] and was followed by Kosmos 219.[6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 221 kilometres (137 mi), an apogee of 1,622 kilometres (1,008 mi), 48.8 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 103.45 minutes.[7] It completed operations on 12 May 1967,[1] before decaying from orbit and reentering the atmosphere on 23 November.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  2. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-D". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  5. ^ "Cosmos 137". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-24. 
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-24.